Wednesday, April 10, 2019

Husband-Killing Syndicates

HUSBAND-KILLING SYNDICATES: The vast majority of victims of these conspiracies were husbands, yet some were wives or other family members, including children.

Among the cases listed below you will find news reports with such headlines as “Husband Poisoning by Wholesale” (1882), “Ten Husband Poisoners” (1890), “A New Business; Husband Poisoning on the Scale of a Commercial Enterprise” (1891), “Killing Off Husbands” (1895), “Epidemic of Poisoning in Hungary; Eighteen Men Killed” (1901), “Women Formed Club to Murder Husbands” (1903), “Woman Kills 300 At Wives’ Behest” (1909), “Exterminating Husbands” (1911), “Wanted to Be Widows So They Hanged Their Husbands” (1933), “Used Fly Paper to Kill Husbands” (1935), “How Wives Gained Power by Mass Murder of Husbands” (1937).

In the following collection are 43 cases which took place in eastern Europe (Bohemias, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Silesia, Ukraine, Yugoslavia) between 1882 and 1939.

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Leader: La Toffania (or, Toffania, Tofana, Toffana); teacher Hieronyma Spara.
Method: liquid poison sold in vials.
Victims: large numbers; mostly husbands.

1658: ITALY – Rome
Leaders: Hyeronyma Spara, Gratiosa, La Toffania; Spara, Gratiosa & 12 other hanged in 1659
Method: liquid poison called "Tifana water."
Victims: over 700.

Leader: Giovanna Bonanno; executed Jul. 30, 1789.
Method: poison, a mixture of spring water, white wine and arsenic, intended to kill lice, purchased from apothecary then resold; 3 stages of dosage.
Victims: 6 confirmed (4 men, 2 women), many more suspected.

60 women hanged for poisoning husbands with arsenic.
Note: The source may be in error, mistakenly referring to the cases of the 1880s yet referring to the 1850s.

1868: FRANCE - Marseilles
Leader: Monsieur Joye, herbalist.
Method : arsenic.
Victims: 3 husbands whose wives purchased poison from Joye.
Venue: “a poisoning party.”
Perpetrators: 4 wives.
Method: “poison.”
Victims: 4 husbands.

Leader: Anna Nagy, AKA Kathi Lyukas (or "Kate Nagy"), murder two of her own husbands; Lyukas confessed to 6 other murders (20 other deaths suspected to be caused by her); Lyukas was hanged Nov. 30, 1882.
Method: arsenic baked into little cakes.
Victims: convicted of 26 murders.

Leaders: Thekla Popov, active more than two years (1880-1882), Anna Minity, Sophia Ivanovitch; over 100 women implicated; court cases continued into at least 1889.
Method: bottles of "red liquid poison" priced at 50-100 florins.
Victims: over 100.

Leader: Persa Czirin; considered the poison supplier; released for lack of evidence.
Method: poison.
Victims: Multiple husbands of women who acquired poison from Czirin.
Leader: An “old woman” poison-seller & racketeer.
Method: poison (unidentified as of yet).
Victims: 7 men lured into marriage to be murdered for their assets.

1889: UKRAINE – Gilli, Bukowina, Ukraine
Leader: Marie Mrawlag.
Method: poison.
Victims: husbands.

1889: SERBIA ("HUNGARY") – Mitrovitz (Sremska Mitrovica)
Leader: Eva Sarac (“witch or herbalist”); 10 women arrested.
Method: arsenic extracted from flypaper.
Victims: 60 estimated, over a period of 10 years.

1889: SERBIA ("Hungary") - Erdevik, District of Smyrna (Syrmia), Bingula & the Mitrovitz district (Austro-Hungarian Empire, Serbia)
Leader: Makrena Stankovic; deaths occurred in 1880, 1883, 1884, 1884, 1885, 1886 and 1888
Accomplice: Milika Plavsic, aided 2 husband-killers.
Method: Poisoned with arsenic derived from fly-paper cooked into christening cakes served on christening day to the father; elsewhere reported as poisonous spiders in dumplings.
Leaders: Frau Kernaez, Frau Kurjakow, Frau Pivnicski (Rivnicski).
Method: arsenic.
Victims: 10.

1893: :HUNGARY – Vezprimer Comitat, Ortschaft Szent-Gal (Szentgál), Szent-Hat, Hungary
Leader: Frau Kajdi.
Method: poison.
Victims: 3 husbands.
Leader: Maria Szalay-Japes.
Method: Arsenic.
Victims: 6 (husbands).

1895: ROMANIA ("HUNGARY") – Pecica ("Peceska," "Pecs")
Leader: Maria Hevesy; was paid 100 florins for arranging murder.
Method: Ex-con hired to carry out murders.
Victims: multiple married men.

1897: HUNGARY – Hodmozoe (Hod-Moyo-Vasarheky; Hódmezővásárhely)
Leader: Mari Azalai Jager.
Accomplices: "a band of poisoners" 3 men & 2 women (including Gulyas Kis-Samuel, male).
Method: Three poisons, belladonna, arsenic and chloride of mercury.
Jul. 24, 1897, Budapest: Trial of 12 women & 2 men; 4 sentenced to death; 1 to life in prison (man who killed his mother); 1 to 6 years in prison
Victims: estimated at over 100.

Leader: Maria Ulica
Method: poison
Victims: 16 husbands, 2 wives (following abortions).
Leaders: George Korin, apothecary, ringleader, and Dr. Johann Mayer, village physician.
Perpetrators: Maria Nikodem (murdered 2 husbands); Lisa Triku (murdered 4 husbands).
Method: arsenic.
Victims: 14.

1900: HUNGARY Liget (“Zlifet") Baranya county.
Leader: unknown at present.
Method: arsenic taken from face rouge, placed in drink.
Victims: 6 husbands.
Leader: Nikola Bettuz (seeress).
Method: secret poison (Bettuz refused to disclose its composition).
Leader: Petar the Magician.
Method: poisoned brandy.
Leader: Coroner Hanusch, formed a "club" of wives who wished their husbands dead.
Method: poison supplied by the coroner, who would certify victim died of heart disease.
Victims: at least 6 husbands.

1905: HUNGARY – Czongrad (Csongrad)
Leaders: Female poison-maker and a group of women (names currently unavailable).
Method: poison.
Victims: husbands and wives, including a couple who each bought poison to murder one another.

1905: HUNGARY – Hodmezo-Vasarhely (Hod-Moyo-Vasarheky; Hódmezővásárhely)
Leader: Balapa (reputed witch).
Customers: Women who wished to kill husbands or infants.
Method: poison.
Victims: 6 men; 20 infants.

Leader: Frau Sivacky.
Customers: wives
Method: poison.
Victims: 9 husbands critically ill; other deaths; 12 women arrested.

Leader: Frau Miriczky:
Customers: Wives seeking to replace husbands, or to inherit from them.
Method: 9 different liquid poisons, arsenic.
Victims: 14 (plus many more).

1906: ROMANIA ("HUNGARY") – Knez (Knecz, Kneez),Temeczvar (Timișoara, Temesvár)
Merthod: arsenic, sold for $4.50 per portion.
Victims: 25 bodies exhumed; Catherine Biber murdered 3; an unnamed widow murdered 4 husbands consecutively.

Leader: Frau Szari
Method: poisonous black henbane seeds.
Victims: Mr. Szari, many others.

1909: UKRAINE ("RUSSIA") Samara
Leader: Katharina Popova (Popowa); claimed all victims were husbands who had abused their wives.
Method: poison in food or drink placed there directly by Madame Popova.
Victims: 50 ("300" in some sources), all husbands.

1911: HUNGARY – Szegedin (Szeged)
Leader: Maria Gerzan, professional nurse.
Accomplice: Levai, murdered husband.
Method: poison, claimed to be for killing vegetable parasites.
Victims: All victims were married men.

1912: ROMANIA ("HUNGARY") – Lipova, "Lippa," Arad county)
Leader: Johanna Kapruczan, murdered her first 4 husbands, 5th alive at time of arrest; 6 other women arrested.
Method: not yet ascertained.
Number of victims: 9 men (including leader’s 4 husbands).

Leader: Julie Remic
Method: Arsenic
Victims: Remic’s 2 husbands and son; about 30 other persons.

1926: SERBIA {"JUGOSLAVIA") – Nagy Kikinda (Kikinda)
The “St. Lucretia Club,” a charitable organization was dedicated to sharing information about husband-murdering techniques.
Leader: Maria Vukosava Jovanovic (Maria Vukitch).
Method: poison.
Victims:7 husbands.

1927: RUSSIA – Novay Ladoga ("Navoia")
Leader: Sophie Safarin ("Safarine").
Method: poison.
Victims: 58 husbands (entire population of husbands).

1929: SERBIA ("JUGOSLAVIA") – Vladimirovac; Panchova, Banat ("Banyat") region
Leader: Anuja de Poshtonja (Anna Pistova), "The Witch of Vladimirovac", AKA: Anyuka Dee, the “Banat Witch,” Baba Anujka.
Method: "vegetable poisoning"; arsenic.
Perpatrators: includes Stana Ludushka (3 victims: 2 husbands; one uncle).
Victims: 13, all husbands (50 in one account); 50 year career probably involved scores more.
Leaders: Júlia Fazekas (murdered 2 of her own husbands), Christine Chordas, (“Czordas”), and Susi Oláh (murdered 2 of her own husbands).
Method: arsenic extracted from fly-paper, rat poison containing arsenic, toadstools.
Victims: estimates vary from 30 to 100.
13 serial killers: Maria Aszendi (3 murders), Christine Chordas (3 murders), Julia Dari (3 murders), Julia Fazekas (scores of murders), Juliana Foeldvary (3 murders), Maria Kardos (3 murders), Julianne Lipka (scores of murders), Suzi Olah (scores of murders), Mrs. Louis Oser (or, "Cser," 3 murders), Frau Palinka (7 murders), Julia Sijj (7 murders), Esther Szabo (multiple murders, including 2 family members), Maria Varga (3 murders).

1930: HUNGARY – Fajsz (Bács-Kiskun county)
Leader: Name not discovered as yet.
Arrests: 5 women arrested, 1 committed suicide (Frau Hegedüs).
Method: Poison.
Victims: 6 husbands.

Leader: Viktoria Stanke; poisoned 3: husband, Julie Talinik, Mr. Talinik.
Arrested: Repisky (farmer), poisoned father in 1928; Victoria Szenesi, arrested.
Method: poison.
Victims: 6 known, others suspected to be discovered upon investigation.
Leader: Viktoria Foedi Rieger, nicknamed “Smoking Peter.” She was a cross-dresser who passed as a man; "The Devil Woman of Pista."
Method: hanging arranged to simulate suicide.
Victims: 22 suspected.

Leaders: Florica Duma & Ilona Kovacs.
Method: Arsenic extracted from fly-paper.
Victims: 6 persons, men and women.

Serbian: Соиа Гјуркиц (Sojka Gjurkic).
Method: Poison potions.
Victims: Multiple husbands.

1935: HUNGARY – Debreczen
Leader: Julianne Nagy.
Method: arsenic extracted from boiled fly-paper.
Victims: at least 11.

1939: USA – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Active: 1932-1938; “Arsenic Incorporated.”
Sentencing: 2 executed; 12 life terms; 7 lesser sentences.
Leaders: Morris (Evil Eye) Bolber, Paul Petrillo, Herman Petrillo, Horace D. Perlman.
Operatives: Mrs. Rose Carina, Mrs. Carina Favato, Mrs. Josephine Sadita
Method: arsenic
Victims: over 100

Leaders: Mr. & Mrs. Petcovic.
Method: poison.
Perpetrators: 16 tried.
Victims: mostly men (husbands, fathers, nephew).

1995: USA – San Francisco & New York City
Identification: The Tene-Bimbo Gypsy Clan
Leader: Mary Tene Steiner.
Others: Sylvia Mitchell (New York City), Angela Tene Bufford (San Francisco).
Victims: 9 elderly men.
Method: digitalis poisoning (causing heart attack).

2011: COLOMBIA Medellin
“The Black Widow Gang.”
Leader: José Adrián Henao Giraldo.
Members: Luz Elena Carvajal Cataño, Suleyma Giraldo de Zapata, Emilse Yulima Emilsen Rojas Castaño, Oliveryen Hincapie López.
Method: includes drowning.
Victims: 3 confirmed, 5 under investigation.



Murderers: Rose Veres (from Sarud, Hungary), "THe Witch of Medina Street," and son, William.
Related case: In Detroit Michigan in a neighborhood populated by immigrants from Sarud, Hungary, a woman conducted, along with her son, an insurance murder racket with boarders as her victims. Though she was later released from prison on appeal, there is little doubt she was guilty of the crimes she was originally convicted of.



A note on names: It should be note that names of persons and places from there regions are spelled in numerous different ways since a great many ethnicities resided these and used a great variety of languages. For example, Serbian was spoken in Serbia, but German was the official language of the ruling empire while the following other languages being spoken there include Albanian, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovak, Rusyn, Croatian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Romani, Czech, Bosnian, Vlach, Bunjevac, Macedonian, Montenegrin.

Further, English language transliterations of these names use many different spellings for the same name and vary in their choice of which original language form as the basis for their transliteration. In short, working with English language sources is extremely messy and confusing work.




Important article on Hungarian poison syndicates:

Jánoki Dávid, “Arsenic norms, collective secret, and double roles during the interrogations” (A történelem kérdései; Az írás, amint érvényét veszti, a Recenziók menüpontban található linken elérhető lesz.), Amazing History (website) 2012. November 23., Vác, Hungary


Explanations for the Hungarian murder syndicates that are commonly found are based on theories that are now being demonstrated to be faulty. Thus we must resist interpreting the phenomenon of the various Eastern European murder syndicates – with all their individual differences and complexities – through the simpleminded theories and claims that have been put forth in the standard literature thus far. 

An effort is now being made to take an objective look at the family in Eastern Europe without being hampered by the constraints of old-fashioned “patriarchy” theories and “social constructionist” reductionism, as is indicated by a recent call for papers by The Hungarian Historical Review. Here is an excerpt from that call for papers: 

“Historians who studied personal narrative sources that had survived in large numbers (such as correspondences, diaries, and memoirs) fervently disputed the Ariés-Hajnal-Stone thesis, according to which given the extended nature of the family, the role of emotional bonds in family life was negligible in Eastern Europe. The opponents of the thesis argue, however, that behind the image of patriarchal family life that emerges from the wealth of literature on matrimonial and marital counseling, one finds innumerable everyday gestures expressive of loving, amicable, and supportive relationships between spouses.” 

[Sándor Horváth, Call for journal articles – “The History of Family, Marriage and Divorce in Eastern Europe,” The Hungarian Historical Review, 2013]


Some motives for murder among the Eastern European murder syndicates::

1886 – Persa Czirin (professional poisoner) – [A] wholesale epidemic of poisoning had broken out among the women of the place who administered arsenic to their husbands whenever they wanted to marry somebody else. The first of the trials came on at Panosova recently, and ended with the conviction of a young pleasant woman, Draga Radovancey, who was sentenced to be hanged. An old peasant woman, Persa Czirin, who supplied the poison, was released for want of sufficient evidence. [“Wholesale Poisoning of Husbands.” The Southland Times (Invercarghill, Southland, N. Z.), Jun. 14, 1886, p. 4]

1889 – Thekla Popov (professional poisoner) – [Serial poisoner] Thekla Popov’s clients were, however, not always married women. Sometimes she had dealing with young girls who quarrelled with their sweethearts, and who, from jealousy or rage, had determined to kill them. [“Secret Poisoning. - Awful Crimes Of Borgias Recalled By Hungary’s Horror.  Murderous Nostrums Of Old. - Terrible Women Who Divorced Themselves By Deadly Potions. - The Evil Worked By Fortune Tellers.” Pittsburgh Post (Pa.), Dec. 14, 1889. p. 12]

1889 – Draga Kukin – Amongst other things he overheard was Kukin’s widow [Draga Kukin] saying to her accomplice, “Well, I am young and pretty. He was old and ugly. Why should he not die?” [“Secret Poisoning. - Awful Crimes Of Borgias Recalled By Hungary’s Horror.  Murderous Nostrums Of Old. - Terrible Women Who Divorced Themselves By Deadly Potions. - The Evil Worked By Fortune Tellers.” Pittsburgh Post (Pa.), Dec. 14, 1889. p. 12]

1897 –  Marie Jager (Azalai Jager Mari) (professional poisoner)  – It has transpired that the woman was much sought after, because when children were unwelcome they lived but a little while when Azalai Jager Mari was called in attendance. How many infants she destroyed it is impossible to guess. [“A Woman Who Has Poisoned More Than 100 People,” The World (New York, N.Y.), Jul. 11, 1897, p. 29]

1900 – Nikola Bettuz (professional poisoner)  – In some instances it was found that the object of the women was to obtain the insurance on the lives of their husbands. [“Slay Their Husbands - In Hungary Wives Tired of  Their Spouses Kill Them by Using a Mysterious Poison.” (Buda-Pesth Cor. Chicago Chronicle.) Fort Wayne Sentinel (In.), Oct. 20, 1900, p. 1]

1901 – Kissoda, Romania[Note: not just husbands, but “lovers” as well] Instances in which wives rid themselves of inconvenient husbands and girls did away with lovers whom they no longer wanted increased there appallingly.  [“Epidemic Of Poisoning In Hungary. - Eighteen Men Killed.” The Capricornian (Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia), Jan. 12, 1901, p. 38]

1907 – Julia Wunicsitch – Julia Wuicsitch poisoned her husband because he could not buy her a new dress. [“Town Poisoned - And Wiped Out of Existence by Modern Lucretia Borgia. - Fair Young Fiend - Poisoned Her Rich Old Husband So She Could Marry a Young Lawyer, Whom She Also Poisoned. - Then With Another Woman She Went Into the Wholesale Poisoning Business.” The Manning Times (S. C.), Mar. 20, 1907, p. 6]

1907 – Marthas Petromany (professional poisoner)  – She married a wealthy farmer some five years ago solely on account of his possessions. A young man of talents and good prospects who was the leading local lawyer became her ardent admirer. Mme. Petrubany’s highest desire was to see her old husband out of the way to marry the lawyer and combine his superior social station and the old man’s property. [“Town Poisoned - And Wiped Out of Existence by Modern Lucretia Borgia. - Fair Young Fiend - Poisoned Her Rich Old Husband So She Could Marry a Young Lawyer, Whom She Also Poisoned. Then With Another Woman She Went Into the Wholesale Poisoning Business.” The Manning Times (S. C.), Mar. 20, 1907, p. 6]

1929 – Anyuka, Dee (AKA Anna Pistova, etc.) – A murder trial has begun at Panchova, Jugo-Slavia, where 93-year-old Anyuka, Dee is charged with having murdered more than fifty men. She is known throughout the district as the “Banat Witch.” Legends throw a veil of mystery around her lonely life, and as the wives of wealthy farmers liked to go to her for help in cases of illness and also to consult her on other difficulties, she drew a large income, which enabled her to lead a life of comfort. Recently it was said that Anyuka Dee, in addition to saving lives with herbs, also destroyed them with arsenic if she were paid to do so. [“A Jugo-Slavian ‘Witch’ - Faces Murder Trial,” The Advertiser (Adelaide, Australia), Aug. 12, 1929, p. 17]

1929 – Suzie Olah (professional poisoner)  – Not wishing to risk another trial [for performing abortions], Aunt Suzie apparently decided to supplement her earnings in a new fashion. She began a series of child poisonings. There would be a discreet dosing, a little funeral, a tiny grave – and a mouth less to feed. Aunt Suzie worked exclusively with arsenic extracted from flypaper. It seemed effective. She decided to enlarge her sphere. She found wives who had grown tired of their husbands, children who coveted the property of their elders, mothers with ailing sons. Aunt Suzie would whisper that she knew a way. [John MacCormac, “Murder By Wholesale: A Tale From Hungary,” New York Times (N.Y.), Mar 16, 1930, p. XX3]

1929 – Maria Kardos – After marrying and divorcing two husbands she found herself at the age of forty with a 23-year-old son, whose health had made him a burden. Moreover, she had fast taken a young lover and did not wish to have this constant reminder of her own age. She consulted Aunt Suzie. The first dose of arsenic only made the boy ill. One fine Autumn day she had his bed moved outside in the courtyard. “I gave him some more poison in his medicine,” she told the police. “And then, suddenly, I remembered how beautifully my boy used to sing in church and I thought I would like to hear him once more. So I said: ‘Sing, my boy. Sing me my favorite song.’ He sang it in his lovely, clear voice.” The song ended in agony. The poison had done its work. [John MacCormac, “Murder By Wholesale: A Tale From Hungary,” New York Times (N.Y.), Mar 16, 1930, p. XX3]

1935 – Julianna Nagy (professional poisoner)  – They all got their wish, dying from her food. The old maid induced the old man to marry her by the simple process of threatening to resign as cook. But there were five children to inherit which would not leave much for the widow in case something should happen to Nagy. Therefore Julianna bought more fly-paper with which she made little angels, one after the other of all the five children.










Sunday, April 7, 2019

Frau Przybylska, Serial Baby-Killer – Poland, 1897

FULL TEXT: In Lodz in Russian Poland, the arrest of a so-called "angel maker" in the person of the midwife Przybylska causes a sensation. This has taken many years of newborn illegitimate children in care and starved. In the last three years, the woman has killed no less than a hundred children in this way.

[“An Angel-maker.” Feldkircher Anzeiger (Feldkirch, Austria), 17. Februar 1897. p. 1]


FULL TEXT: In Lodz in Russisch-Polen erregt die Verhaftung einer sogenannten “Engelmacherin” in der Person der Hebamme Przybylska Aufsehen. Diese hat viele Jahre hindurch neugeborene uneheliche Kinder in Pflegege nommen und verhungern lassen. In den letzten drei Jahren hat die Frau nicht weniger als hundert Kinder auf diese Weise um's Leben gebracht.

[“Eine Engelmacherin.” Feldkircher Anzeiger (Feldkirch, Austria), 17. Februar 1897. p. 1]



For more cases of “Baby Farmers,” professional child care providers who murdered children see The Forgotten Serial Killers.


Tuesday, April 2, 2019

Marie Turniak, Serial Baby-Killer – 1912, Russia

FULL TEXT (Translated from German): Lviv, 20th of February. In Sokolniki [Russia], the 48-year-old Marie Turniak has been involved in the upbringing and education of small illegitimate children, who have been entrusted to their care in large numbers for 17 years. None of the children in her care had been raised, as all died in a short time. The police now discovered that Turniak had the children starved to quickly deliver them to the hereafter, and to have the money given to them for their care to be transferred to their private coffers. The angel-maker, which is already convicted of similar crimes, was taken to the criminal court.

[“An Angel-maker.” Czernowitzer Tagblatt (Czernowitz, Ukraine), 22. Februar 1912. p. 2]


FULL TEXT: Lemberg, 20. Februar. – In Sokolniki [Russia] befaßt sich bereits seit 17 Jahren die 48jährige Marie Turniak mit der Auf- und Erziehung kleiner unehelicher Kinder, welche ihrer Fürsorge in großer Zahl anvertraut wurden. Keines der ihr anvertrauten Kinderist großezogen worden, da alle in kurzer Zeit starben. Die Polizei stellte nun fest, daß Turniak die Kinder eine Hungerkur durchmachen ließ, um dieselben auf diese Weise rasch ins Jenseits zu besördern und das ihr zur Erziehung der Pfleglinge übergebene Geld in ihre Privatkasse wandern zu lassen. Die Engelmacherin, welche wegen ähnlicher Verbrechen bereits vorbestraft ist, wurde dem Strafgerichte eingeliefert.

[“Eine Engelmacherin.” Czernowitzer Tagblatt (Czernowitz, Ukraine), 22. Februar 1912. p. 2]


Sokolniki District, a district of Eastern Administrative Okrug in the federal city of Moscow



For more cases of “Baby Farmers,” professional child care providers who murdered children see The Forgotten Serial Killers.


Domnika Dutschak, Serial Baby-Killer – Ukraine, 1891

FULL TEXT (Translated from German): At Domnika Dutschak's on Kuczurmarerstrasse 27, the children given her in care died in a short time after another. The investigation conducted by the City Physician showed that the children were starving and that the apartment was unhealthy. At the same time, the Dutschak was banned from holding nursing children and, at the same time, ordered the police to enforce the prohibition.

[“Angel-maker.” Bukowiner Nachrichten (Czernowitz, Ukraine), 17. November 1891. p. 2]


FULL TEXT: Bei Domnika Dutschak in der Kuczurmarerstraße 27, starben die ihr in Pflege übergebenen Kinder in kurzer Zeit nach ein ander. Die vom Stadtphysikus angestellten Erhebungen ergaben, daß die Kinder ausgehungert waren und daß die Wohnung ge sundheitsschädlich ist. Mit der Anzeige an den Magistrat, wurde gleichzeitig der Dutschak das Halten von Pflege kindern verboten, undgleichzeitigdie Polizeiaufsicht be auftragt, über die Befolgung dieses Verbotes zu wachen.

[“Engelmacherin.” Bukowiner Nachrichten (Czernowitz, Ukraine), 17. November 1891. p. 2]



For more cases of “Baby Farmers,” professional child care providers who murdered children see The Forgotten Serial Killers.


Wednesday, March 27, 2019

Julie Remic, Prolific Serial Killer - Serbia, 1925

FULL TEXT (Translated from German): Belgrade, 18 April. - In the Altbecskerek prison, one Julie Remic has been imprisoned for some time, on charges of poisoning her husband Nikola Remic and a son from his first marriage. Today the investigation against the criminal woman was completed and the trial should begin on April 15th.

The examining magistrate received a notice accusing Remic of killing her first husband, Ratia Reglevic, who died in 1914. Despite the long period of time since the death of the first spouse, the court ordered the exhumation of Reglevic and the examination of his remains. Strangely enough, the body was as undamaged as if it had been embalmed. In the stomach in the intestines, which were still very well preserved, the doctor found a quantity of arsenic that could kill an elephant.

Scarcely had the agency discovered this fact when a myriad of new charges were filed agasinst the poisoner. It is stated that she had poisoned her own son Peter three years ago. It was further noted that since the year 1912, until the moment when the poisoner was arrested, numerous persons who had approached her died a few days after from a mysterious illness. At that time it was believed that these were severe flu cases. But when it became known that the Remic is a poison-murderer, all these deaths appear highly suspicious. It is believed that the criminal woman killed more than thirty people by poison.

When the examining magistrate announced the crimes, she did not deny them, but was dismayed for a moment, then replied: "They poisoned themselves by imprudently adding arsenic to their soup instead of salt." And she added cynically "Let the dead rest in peace. They are better off than us and surely they are asking for those who have voluntarily or involuntarily promoted them to the hereafter "

[“A Mass Murderess in Serbia. Dreissig Personen vergiftet.” Innsbrucker Nachichten (Austria), 20. April 1925, p. 5]


FULL TEXT: Belgrad, 18. April. – Im Gefängnis von Altbecskerek ist seit einiger Zeit eire gewisse Julie Remic in Haft, die unter der Beschuldigung Stebt, ihren Gatten Nikola Remic und einen Sohn aus seiner ersten Ehe vergiftet zu haben. In diesen Tagen war die Untersuchung gegen die verbrechersiche Frau abgeschlossen und am 15. April hätte der Prozess beginnen sollen.

Da erhielt der Untersuchungsrichter eine Mitteilung, in der die Remic beschuldigt wurde, auch ihren ersten Gatten Ratia Reglevic, der im Jahre 1914 gestorben ist, ums Leben gebracht zu haben. Trotz dem langen Zeitraum, der seit dem Tod des ersten Gatten vergangen war, ordnete das Gericht die Enterdigung des Reglevic und die Untersuchung seiner Leichenreste an. Die Leiche war merkwürdigerweise so unverfehrt, als ob sie embalsamiert worden wäre. Im Magen in in den Eingeweigen, die noch sehr gut erhalten waren, fanden sie Aertze eine Menge von Arsenik, die ausgericht hätte, einen Elefanten zu töten.

Kaum hatte die Behörde diese Tatsache festgestellt, als eine Unzahl neuer Anzeigen gegen die Giftmischerin einlies. So heiss es, dass sie vor drei Hahren auch ihren eigegen Sohn Peter vergiftet habe. Weiter wurde fastgestellt, dass seit dem Jahre 1912 bis zum Augenblick der Verhastung der Giftmischerin zahlreiche Personen, die sich ihr genähert hatten, nach ein paar Tagen an einer geheimisvollen Krankheit gestorben sind. Man glaubte damals, es handle sich um schwere Grippefälle. Als aber bekannt wurde, dass die Remic eine Giftmorderinist, erscheinen auch alle diese Todesfälle höchst verdächtig. Man schässt, dass das verbrecherische Weib mehr als dreissig Personen durch Gift umgebracht hat.

Als ihr der Untersuchungsrichter diese Verbrechen vorheilt, leugente sie nicht, sondern war nur einen Augenblick bestürztund erwiderte dann: “Sie haben sich vergiftet, indem sie unvorsichtigerweise in ihre Suppe statt des Salzes das für die Ratten bestimmte Arsenik gegeben haben.” Und sie fügte zynisch hinzu: “Lasst die Toten in Frieden ruhen. Es geht ihnen besser als uns und sicherlich bitten sir für jene, die sie freiwillig oder unfreiwillig ins Jenseits besördert haben”

[“Eine Massenmorderin in Serbien. Dreissig Personen vergiftet.” Innsbrucker Nachichten (Austria), 20. April 1925, p. 5]



For more than two dozen similar cases, dating from 1658 to 2011, see the summary list with links see: The Husband-Killing Syndicates


Tuesday, March 26, 2019

Marie Mrawlag, Serial Killer – Ukraine, 1889

FULL TEXT (Translated from German): About a horrible criminal process is reported from Gilli: On February 9, 1889 Schönstein died next to the real estate owner Nicolaus Latounik. Soon after his body was buried, it was rumored that his wife, Elizabeth, had poisoned him. The examination of the exhumed corpse confirms this, causing Elisabeth Latounik to immediately make a confession.

She did not know, she asserted, that the 70-year-old Marie Mrawlag who provided her with a “proven remedy” contained arsenic. Soon afterwards the rumors spread again, about the December 9, 1888 death of of landowner Anton Trobina telling that he had been poisoned by his wife Helena (who since then remarried Stessek) by arsenic. There was an exhumation and examination, whereby poisoning was confirmed.

Now Helena Stessek was arrested and confessed that she had been misled by Marie Mawglag; the poison had mixed by her into her first husband’s medicine. - Mawlag was also arrested, of course.

Although she denied having misled the two named women, she confessed to the examining magistrate that 20 years ago she had given her husband the liquid they called arsenik prescribed as a cure, after which he fell ill and died about three weeks later.

The corpse of this victim, however, could no longer be found, so that the subjective fact was not to be established.

The prosecution therefore made in this case, despite the confession, not the charge of assassination itself, but only on attempt this crime, while the other two women are under the charge of willful murder.

Marie Mrawlag is also accused of trying to hide the crimes of her two docile students.

After the defendants confessed their deeds and the testimonies were in full accord, the jury affirmed their guilt, after which the aged Mrawlag was given a sentence of 18 years of hard prison time.

[“Three spouse murderers in court.” Bukowiner Nachrichten (Czernowitz, Bukowina, Ukraine), 29. Juni 1889, p. 4] (Vorrath Middle High German = “advisor, guardian”)


FULL TEXT: Ueber einen grauenhasten Kriminalprocess wird aus Gilli berichtet:Am 9. Februar d. J. starb nächst Schönstein der Realitätenbesitzer Nicolaus Latounik. Bald nachdem seine Leiche zu Grabe getragen worden, munkelte man, seine Gattin, Elizabeth habe ihn vergiftet. Die Obduction des exhumirten Leichnams bestätige dies, woraus Elisabeth Latounik sofort ein Geständnis ablegte.

Sie wäre nicht auf die Idee verfallen  -- versicherte sie – wenn ihr nicht die 70jährige Grundbesitzerin Marie Mrawlag dies als bewährtes Mittel angerathen und ihr erklärt hätte, sie habe Arsenik in Vorrath. – Bald daraus verbreitete sich wieder das Gerücht, der am 9. December v. J. verstorbne Grundbesitzer Anton Trobina sei gleichfalls von seiner Frau Helena, seither wieder verehelichte Stessek, mittelst Arsenik vergiftet worden. Es kam zur Exhumirung und Obduction, wodurch thatsächlich ein Giftmord sichergestellt wurde.

Nun wurde Helena Stessek verhaftet und gestand gleichfalls, von Marie Mrawlag verleitet worden zu sein; das Gift habe sie in die Arznei ihres ersten Gatten gemischt, -- Selbstverständlich wurde auch die Mrawlag in Haft genommen.

Sie bestritt zwar, die beiden genannten Frauen verleitet zu haben, legte jedoch dem Untersuchungsrichter das Geständnis ab, sie habe vor 20 Jahren ihren Gatten in die ihm zur Cur vorgeschriebenen Molken Arsenik gegeben, woraus er erkrankt und nacht etwa drei Wochen gestorben sei.
Die Staatsanwaltschaft erhob daher in diesem Falle trotz des Geständnisses nicht die Anklage auf Meuchelmord selbst, sondern nur auf Versuch dieses Verbrechens, während die zwei anderen Weiber unter der Anklage des vollbrachten meuchlerischen Gattenmordes stehen.

Nachdem die Angeklagten ihre Thaten einbekannten und und die Zeugenaussagen heimit im vollen Einklange standen, bejahte die Jury die Schuldfragen, worauf die greise Mrawlag au 18 Jahren schweren Kerkers.

Marie Mrawlag wird zudem auch der versuchten Verleitung zu dem Verbrechen ihrer beiden so gelehrigen Schülerinnen beschuldigt.

Elisabeth Latounik und Helena Stessek jedoch Beide zum Tode durch den Strang verurheilt wurden.

[“Drei Gattenmörderinnen vor Gericht.” Bukowiner Nachrichten (Czernowitz, Bukowina, Ukraine), 29. Juni 1889, p. 4]


For more than two dozen similar cases, dating from 1658 to 2011, see the summary list with links see: The Husband-Killing Syndicates


Tiza Lublinitsch, “The Witch of Navibazar”: Serial Killer – Hungary, 1936

FULL TEXT (Translated from German): Belgrade is reporting on a trial that would fit in with the 14th or 15th century, yet which will make a big splash in the enlightened 20th century.

The heroine of the trial was the 67-year-old Tiza Lublinich, known by the name of “The Witch of Navibazar” and is dreaded by the rural population, “because she could do anything she wanted.”

A woman had z. As testified in court, she has seen it with some eyes, how the “witch” turned into a cat and, when it suited her, took back her old human form.

Other witnesses were so afraid of the power of the “witch” that they could not be persuaded by any argument. The fear of the old man drove villagers to commit a horrible crime. There was a man in the village, Stojakovich, who had no fear of the witch.

In revenge, the old woman persuaded people that Stojakovich had made a covenant with the devil and was enabled by him to make the cattle sick, to produce hail, and so on.

The stupidly stupid people, on instigation of the “witch,” one day apprehended Stojakovich, who was “in league with the devil,” tied him to a tree and beat the devil out of him.

Finally, the old woman killed him with a dagger.

The dead man’s mouth was filled with pieces of glass, which she considered necessary to prevent the corpse from joining the devil. The corpse was buried in the field, where the police sent him out.

The investigation also revealed that the old woman had another five poisoning murders on her conscience. The “witch” was sentenced to death, several of the bewitched were sentenced to perennial imprisonment.

[“‘Witch’ sentenced to death for six murders.” Oedenburger Zeitung (Oedenburg, Hungary), March 29, 1936, p. 3]


FULL TEXT: Aus Belgrad wird über einen Prozess berichtet, der in den Nahmen des 14. oder 15. Jahrhunderts hineinpassen würde, dem ausgeklärten 20. Jahrhundert aber eine grosse Schonde bereitet.

Die Heldin des Prozesses war die 67jährige Tiza Lublinitsch, unter dem Namen die “Hexe von Navibazar” bekonnt und von der Landbevölkerung gefürchtet, “denn sie konnte alles, was sie wollte.”

Eine Frau hatte z. B. vor Gericht ausgesagt, sie habe es mit einigen Augen gesehen, wie sich die “Hexe” in eine Katze verwandelte und als es ihr passte, wieder ihre alte Menschengestalt annahm.

Andere Zeugen hatten solche Angst vor der Macht der “Hexe”, dass sie zu keiner Aussage bewogen werden konnten. Die Furcht vor der Alten bewog die Leute zur Verübung eines scheusslichen Verbrechens. Es selbte im Dorfe ein Mann Stojakowitsch, der keine Furcht hatte vor der Hexe.

Aus Rache redete die Alte den Leuten ein, dass Stojakowitsch mit dem Teufel einen Bund geschlossen habe und von diesem besähigt wurde, das Vieh krank zu machen, Hagel zu erzeugen usw.

Die viehisch dummen Leute übersielen auf Anstiftung der “Hexe” eines Tages den mit “dem Teufel verbundeten” Stojakowitsch, banden ihn an einen Baum und prügelten den Teufel aus ihm heraus.

Zum Schluss ermordete die Alte ihn mit einem Dolchstich.

Den Mund des toten Mannes füllte sie mit Glassplittern, was sie als notwendig bezelchnete, um den Leichnam zu verhindern, mit dem Teufel in Verbindung zu treten. Schliesslich wurde der Leichnam auf dem Felde verscharrt, wo ihn die Polizei aussand.

Die Nachforschungen ergaben ausserdem, dass die Alte noch weitere fünf Giftmorde auf dem Gewissen hatte. Die “Hexe” wurde zum Tode verurteilt, mehrere Behexte wurden zu mehrjährigen Gefängnistrafen verurteilt.

[“‘Hexe’ wegen sechachem Mord zum Tode verurteilt.” Oedenburger Zeitung (Oedenburg, Hungary), 29. März 1936, p. 3]


For more cases of this type, see: Occult Female Serial Killers