Sunday, July 29, 2018

The Unheard Gender: The Neglect of Men as Social Work Clients


You’ve head about the male suicide epidemic, right? Here’s how you can understand the fact that men struggling with serious depression usually do not get help ESPECIALLY when they seek it from “helping professionals.” (No, the reason is not that which is expressed in the popular man-hater formula, “toxic masculinity.”)

An important survey of the professional literature:

EXCERPT: Various factors contribute to social workers' neglect of men. One is that most social workers are women and find it easier to work with women, whose outlook and language are usually closer to their own. . . .  In few if any social work courses are men — their needs, their gender-related ways of manifesting and coping with distress, and interventions specifically geared to them — an inherent part of the curriculum.

To right the imbalance and address the needs of men, social work must, first of all, acknowledge that men have unique problems, needs and unique ways of manifesting their distress (e.g. Baum, 2003). The principles are the same as with any underserved population. In the absence of sufficient knowledge, research is required on men's needs and problems (e.g. Guterman and Lee, 2005), as well as on effective ways of offering and providing help to men so as to increase the chances that they will accept it (e.g. Osborn, 2014).

Moreover, to establish a good helping relationship with their male clients, it is essential that female social workers take account of the possible effects of the gender of the two parties.

Nehami Baum, “The Unheard Gender: The Neglect of Men as Social Work Clients,”
British Journal of Social Work. 2016 Jul; 46(5): 1463–1471.

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Two articles supporting and expanding on Nehami Baum’s findings:

Virginia Amato (MSW, RSW), “Listening to Men: Are Men the Unheard Gender?” Journal of Sociology and Social Work, December 2017, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 173-177.

Abstract: An ontological view of conceptualizing the world that women are more important than men may create a male gender bias which gets trapped in and blurs the epistemological lens of how one sees the world. .. . .

Women have voiced their concerns to helping professionals for their inequities and people listened to the women (Turner, 2011). Men have voiced their concerns to helping professionals for their iniquities, but few have listened to men’s concerns leading to the perception of the “unheard gender” (Baum, 2015).

The difference for women is that the helping institutions have implemented mandates to encourage women and predominately entailed women listening to women (Turner, 2011). The problem a male client may encounter during the helping process may be based on his gender (Baum, 2015; Smithers, 2012).

[Virginia Amato (MSW, RSW), “Listening to Men: Are Men the Unheard Gender?” Journal of Sociology and Social Work December 2017, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 173-177.]

ALSO: Virginia Amato, “The social construction of a possible male gender bias is negatively impacting fathers in child welfare services: Hammering a square peg into a round hole,” pp. 466-474, Pub. online: Feb. 7, 2018]

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This YouTube talk shows how the psychology profession overtly promotes anti-male behavior.

The Psychology of Hate,” by Paul Elam from A Voice for Men Radio.

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Here’s an important new article about the “empathy gap” ---

, “Male suicide: a question of value,” A Voice for Men, Nov. 13, 2017

“Published under a pseudonym, it was written by a mainstream journalist who encountered significant push back and refusals when he tried to have it published in more mainstream channels. Thus he turned to A Voice for Men, where the facts matter more than the narrative.”

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EXCERPT: Males in the U.S. die by suicide so much more than females that the rate is an astounding 3.5 to 1, or 78 percent of all suicides. That equates to once every 15 minutes. …

Yet the professional response to this is one of neutrality. The website for the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (AFSP) has comparative graphs of suicide by state, age, and even race, yet none for gender. There is no mention of gender beyond the 3.5 statistic, and no section discussing male suicide. Even in its opening video on the front page there are no men, save a few in the background of a crowd. There is similar sparse acknowledgement from the American Association of Suicidology (AAS) and the Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC). The SPRC has an underdeveloped section about men in their “populations” tab. … [continued]

READ THE FULL ARTICLE: “Male suicide: a question of value,” A Voice for Men, Nov. 13, 2017

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ALSO: This articulate and crucial 28 minute talk on the overlooked facts of male suicide.


“The Truth about Male Suicide part one,” Men Are Good! (Tom Golden), YouTube, Jun. 26, 2017, 14:25
“The Truth about Male Suicide part two,” Men Are Good! (Tom Golden), YouTube, Jun. 26, 2017, 13:23

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BEING MALE IN A FEMINIST CULTURE

Janice Fiamengo
Professor of English, University of Ottawa

ABSTRACT: According to our dominant cultural narrative, men in western societies are privileged and powerful, and have used their power throughout history to oppress and control women. Men's own accounts of their experiences, however, tell a very different story. They highlight how it feels to believe, with justification, that one is unwelcome--even despised--in one's own society. Such stories of alienation must no longer be ignored. We can keep on telling men that when they articulate experiences of powerlessness and injustice, they’re really just bitter about sharing power with women, but the sting of the injustice will not thereby diminish. We can keep on showing men that if they object to the feminist story, a massive arsenal of shame will be unleashed upon them, but that will only increase men’s anger and withdrawal.

Robert Estephe’s note: feminism is a political ideology, not an objective depiction of reality, therefore the term feminist should never be confused with feminine or woman-orirented.”

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[366-8/18/18]
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Friday, July 27, 2018

Female Psychopaths: Quotations (Academic)


Female Psychopaths: Quotations /  Notes on a major, and long overlooked, area of scientific study.

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QUESTION: Why are more men diagnosed as “psychopath” than women?

ANSWER: The criteria for measuring “psychopathy” (as is the case with the profile of the “serial killer”) is based upon the study of the male brain, which has a different neuroanatomy structure than the female brain. Further, much less research as been done on female that male aggression, leading to a failure – in law enforcement, criminal justice, forensics, psychology practice and everyday life – to understand and identify severe female aggression.

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1) Gynocentrism, Chivalry

• MYTH: “Violence is masculine. Men are the cause of it, and women and children the ones who suffer. . . .  Though the evidence may contradict the statement, the consensus runs deep. Women from all walks of life, at all levels of power – corporate, political, or familial, women in combat and on police forces – have no part in violence. It is one of the most abiding myths of our time.” [Patricia Pearson, When She Was Bad: Violent Women and the Myth of Innocence, 1997, Viking Press, p. 7]

• “The message being conveyed is that women, being blameless, are entitled to victimize without consequence.” [Patricia Pearson, When She Was Bad: Violent Women and the Myth of Innocence, 1997, Viking Press, p. 232]

• “There’s a common erroneous assumption that because females are “nurturing,” they won’t be violent. But we’ve had female serial killers who have shot, stabbed, smothered (with her enormous weight), and even used chain saws and ice picks.” [Katherine Ramsland Ph.D., “What Do You Say to a Teenage Murderess?” Psychology Today, Jan. 27, 2012]

• “Dana Crowley Jack (Behind the Mask: Destruction and Creativity in Women’s Aggression, 1999, Harvard UP) commented on the issue: Almost all of what psychologists have thought and felt about aggression has been shaped by a predominantly male perspective. This position is supported by the facts that much of the research conducted on female aggression has been associated with domestic violence or violence perpetrated on a significant other and that many in the social and behavioral sciences communities were unwilling to accept that women could be violent—and men the victims—when researchers examined the evidence of female on male aggression (Beckner, 2005).” [Frank S. Perri, J.D., Terrance G. Lichtenwald, Ph.D. “Last Frontier: Myths and the Female Psychopathic Killer,” Forensic Examiner, V:19,  Iss: 2., Summer 2010, pp. 50-67. p. 53]

2) Failure of Academic Research to Study Female Aggression

“The study of female aggression is a phenomenon in itself has only recently begun to receive due attention. Buss (1961) claimed that women are so seldom aggressive, that female aggression is not worth the trouble to study. Aggression is, accordingly to his view (at that time), a typically male phenomenon. Olweus (1978), who investigated bullying, i.e., aggressive harassment, among adolescent school children, was of the opinion that bullying occurs so rarely among female adolescent that he excluded girls as subjects from his research. Later, he has changed his opinion, and he is now investigating bullying also among girls (e.g., Olweus, 1986). Frodi, Macaulay, and Thome (1977) reviewed 314 studies on human aggression, and found that 54% of these concerned men only, and only 8% women. These facts are certainly revealing.” [Kaj Bj√∂rkvist. Sex Differences in Physical, Verban, and Indirect Aggression: A Review of Recent Research. Sex Roles. Vol. 30, Nos. 3/4. 1994.]

• “So, what can one say to a teenage girl who either wielded a weapon or masterminded a slaughter? So far, we have solid data on treatments only for boys at risk for adult psychopathy.” [Katherine Ramsland Ph.D., “What Do You Say to a Teenage Murderess?” Psychology Today, Jan. 27, 2012]

• In 2013, British Forensic psychologist Zoe Stephenson noted more generally that there was still a “dearth of gender-specific research” on violent juveniles and in her study, “Sex differences in predictors of violent and non-violent juvenile offending,” concluded that “more attention needs to be paid to the mental health of female offenders.” [Zoe Stephenson et al., Sex differences in predictors of violent and non-violent juvenile offending. Aggressive Behavior. Volume 40, Issue 2, March/April 2014. pp. 165-177.]

• “So, what can one say to a teenage girl who either wielded a weapon or masterminded a slaughter? So far, we have solid data on treatments only for boys at risk for adult psychopathy.” Katherine Ramsland Ph.D. “What Do You Say to a Teenage Murderess?” Jan 27, 2012]

• “When women act violently, the only explanations frequently offered have been that it is either involuntary, self-defense, the result of mental illness, or hormonal imbalances inherent in female physiology. This article’s review of relevant research, however, shows that homicides committed by women stem from diverse motives, including the offender’s psychopathic traits that spawn a motive for the homicide. . . .  the authors caution forensic examiners and law enforcement personnel to avoid acting on misconceptions of gender-based violence when interacting with female psychopaths.” [Abstact, Frank S. Perri, J.D., Terrance G. Lichtenwald, Ph.D. “Last Frontier: Myths and the Female Psychopathic Killer,” Forensic Examiner  V:19  Iss:2. Summer 2010, pp. 50-67.]

• “Female serial killers … haven’t received anywhere near the same amount of attention from the media or from criminologists as males have. Even researchers on psychology have tended to focus on male populations. There’s a common erroneous assumption that because females are “nurturing,” they won’t be violent. But we’ve had female serial killers who have shot, stabbed, smothered (with her enormous weight), and even used chain saws and ice picks.” [D. P. Lyle, MD, “Forensic Psychologist Dr. Katherine Ramsland Talks About Serial Killers,” The Writer’s Forensics Blog, June 25, 2009]

• “Our belief in the intrinsic, non-threatening nature of the feminine is deceiving to both genders and actually exposes both to homicidal risks that are ignored because of long-internalized myths about female criminality. As we shall see in the next section on female psychopathy, some of the societal perceptions of female aggression may have influenced the lack of research on female psychopathy because it has not been seriously explored until recently. We will also look at how the myths that still surround female aggression are used by female psychopaths in what Dr. Robert Hare refers to as “impression management.” [Frank S. Perri, J.D., Terrance G. Lichtenwald, Ph.D. “Last Frontier: Myths and the Female Psychopathic Killer,” Forensic Examiner  V:19  Iss:2. Summer 2010, pp. 50-67. p. 53]

• “[E]mpirical research explicitly examining gendered relationships between BPD [Borderline Personality Disorder] and psychopathy factors is lacking. . . . [The study’s] results suggest that BPD and psychopathy, at least as they are measured by current instruments, overlap in women and, accordingly, may reflect gender-differentiated phenotypic expressions of similar dispositional vulnerabilities.” ] Sprague, J., Javdani, S., Sadeh, N., Newman, J. P., & Verona, E. (2012). Borderline personality disorder as a female phenotypic expression of psychopathy? Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 3(2), 127-139.]

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3) Myth of Absence of Agency

• “It is a common but mistaken belief among law enforcement and forensic professionals that people who commit violent, incomprehensible crimes must be crazy, psychotic, or they “just snapped.” This perception is reinforced in the media (Herve & Yuille, 2007).” [Frank S. Perri, J.D., Terrance G. Lichtenwald, Ph.D. “Last Frontier: Myths and the Female Psychopathic Killer,” Forensic Examiner  V:19  Iss:2. Summer 2010, pp. 50-67. p. 54]

• “[T]he study of female criminality (as opposed to the study of male criminality) has only recently been linked to antisocial behaviors instead of relying on socio-cultural explanations.” [Frank S. Perri, J.D., Terrance G. Lichtenwald, Ph.D. “Last Frontier: Myths and the Female Psychopathic Killer,” Forensic Examiner  V:19  Iss:2. Summer 2010, pp. 50-67. p. 52]

4) Relational Aggression; Getting Away With Psychopathy

• “If a woman is a psychopath, she can be just as dangerous as a male psychopath—perhaps more so because, based on social conventions, we're less likely to see her coming.” [Seth Meyers PhD, “The Field Guide to the Female Psychopath . . . and why we rarely see her coming,” Psychology Today, Aug. 10, 2015]

• “For years, the research has told us that psychopaths are usually male. Research on psychopaths largely stems from studies conducted from prison samples, but remember that those in prison are there because they have been caught. We will never truly know the exact prevalence for male or female psychopaths because many only come to light once they have been arrested for a crime. (Robert Hare estimates that approximately 1% of the population are psychopaths.) Is it possible that women can get away with certain crimes more than men because society is less likely to expect certain antisocial or violent behaviors among them?” [Seth Meyers PhD, “The Field Guide to the Female Psychopath . . . and why we rarely see her coming,” Psychology Today, Aug. 10, 2015]

• “Other research has examined the importance of relational aggression among females, suggesting that women may display aggression differently than their male counterparts. Crick and Grotpeter (1996) studied relational aggression, also known as covert aggression, which is a type of aggression in which harm is caused by damaging someone's relationships or social status—and it’s different from the type of aggression (typically, physical) that males show each other. Relational aggression tends to be more subtle and manipulative. /// It may be that while many male psychopaths act in traditionally aggressive, socially -constructed ways which can eventually lead them to be incarcerated (and evaluated for psychopathy), female psychopaths operate in more nuanced, less overtly physically aggressive ways, though they can ultimately lead to equally destructive outcomes. Think of a seemingly kind older female nurse who cares for a sick man. This woman could well be a psychopath but her presentation as an older woman in a helping profession causes others to see her in a benevolent light.” [Seth Meyers PhD, “The Field Guide to the Female Psychopath . . . and why we rarely see her coming,” Psychology Today, Aug. 10, 2015]

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5) Relational Aggression

• False Accusations frequently destroy lives and sometimes lead to the suicide of the victim. Oddly the press – after years of being fed fake theories, fake statistics and fake pseudo-psychology – still refers to criminals who make false rape accusation as “the victim” (unless the false rape accuser is a male). [Robert St. Estephe, Jul. 27, 2018]

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Friday, July 6, 2018

Lucy Letby, Suspected Serial Baby-Killer Nurse – England, 2018


28-year old pediatric nurse Lucy Letby was known as a do-gooder. She was “kind-hearted” and “amazing” and she looked after newborns at the Countess of Chester Hospital in Chester, England. She was active in a $4 million fundraising campaign to build a new neo­natal unit at the hospital. She was arrested July 3, 2018 on suspicion of murdering 17 infants over a 16-month period.

“The 680-bed hospital in Chester, southeast of Liverpool, asked police in May 2017 to investigate a sudden, unexplained mortality-rate spike in the unit that houses premature babies and those needing special care. When doctors couldn’t determine how they died, the police were asked to rule out ‘unnatural causes of death.’”

“The probe initially focused on the deaths of eight babies, but authorities said Tuesday it now includes the deaths of 17 and 15 ‘nonfatal collapses’ between March 2015 and July 2016. A “nonfatal collapse” is when an infant’s health severely declines but the child survives.” [NYPost]

The investigation continues.

[Lia Eustachewich, “Friends, co-workers shocked by ‘kindhearted’ nurse suspected of murdering babies,” New York Post, Jul. 4, 2018]

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For more cases, see Sicko Nurses

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