Sunday, October 5, 2014

Madame Max Adolphe, Haitian Political Serial Killer, Rapist & Torturer - 1971

Wikipedia: Madame Max Adolphe was the right hand woman of François Duvalier during his presidency in Haiti.Adolphe, then known as Rosalie Bosquet, came to the attention of Francois during an attempt on his life. While she was a low ranking officer in the Tonton Macoute, her courage impressed the President so much that he promoted her to the position of warden at Fort Dimanche. At the prison, Adolphe continued her strong support of the government and was known for her interrogations of political prisoners.

Daily killings, torture, and beatings were typical at the prison during her tenure. After settling in at the prison, she was then promoted to the Supreme Head of the Fillettes Laleau, the female branch of the Tonton Macoutes.When Papa Doc died in 1971 and his son, Jean Claude Duvalier took over, she lost lot of her power. Eventually, the regime ended in 1986. She left the country and her current whereabouts are unknown.


In the book Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide by Christopher Catherwood, Leslie Alan Horvitz assert that the people occupying the prison’s cells were thrown in there by the Tonton Macoutes Haiti’s secret police agents:

“They proceeded to round up Duvalier’s enemies, among them politicians, journalists, and radio station owners, where they were tortured to death.”

U.S. journalist Thomas Sanchez summed up the place: “Most men do not leave Fort Dimanche; if they are not beaten to death they die of tuberculosis, dysentery, or having the blood sucked from them by scores of vermin.”

According to Haiti historian Elizabeth Abbott, some of the male prisoners sometimes were subject to sexual torture by Rosalie Bosquet, also known as Madame Max Adolphe, the prison warden.

A 1975 report in Worldview, a publication of the Council on Religion and International Affairs, reported that young Haitians accused of being Communists were often dragged to the prison for immediate or later execution, their bodies buried in the courtyard, or even at times displayed publicly as a “lesson” for others.

[“Haiti History 101: Fort Dimanche Prison,” Kreyolicious, online, undated]

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