Thursday, April 2, 2015

“Rosa of Kiev” – Bolshevik Terrorist Who Loved to Murder - 1919


FULL TEXT:  The “Daily Mail” states that the most notorious ainong the Bolshevik terrorists captured and awaiting trial at Kieff [Kiev] is a young woman named Rosa. She murdered with her own and 100 of the volunteers and Russian officers. Killing is described as her favorite amusement. She usually fired a series of revolver shots at each victim, beginnng at the knees and gradually working upwards. Rosa posed as a patriotic countess when Kieff was taken, and offered an officer of Deniken’s army a bouquet, but her identity was quickly discovered. She was unable to deny that she killed the countess whose name she had adopted.

The “Mail” publishes a photograph of the murderess taken at the Kieff prison, showing a low, pinched fore head and coarse features.

[“Bolshevik Murderess. - Pleasure In Killing.” (United Service.), The Daily Advertiser (Wagga Wagga, Australia), Oct. 31, 1919, p. 2]

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Wikipedia source: Red Terror was a campaign of mass killings, torture, and systematic oppression conducted by the Bolsheviks after they seized power in Petrograd and Moscow in 1917. Soviet historiography describes the Red Terror as having been officially announced on September 1918 by Yakov Sverdlov and ending about October 1918. However, the term was frequently applied to political repression during the whole period of the Russia Civil War of 1918–1922. The Cheka (the Bolshevik secret police), conducted the mass repressions. Estimates for the total number of people killed in the Red Terror range from 50,000 to two million.

The Red Terror was an effort by the Bolsheviks to eliminate counter-revolutionaries who belonged to former “ruling classes” as an implementation of dictatorship of the proletariat. Martin Latsis, chief of the Ukrainian Cheka, explained in the newspaper Red Terror:

“Do not look in the file of incriminating evidence to see whether or not the accused rose up against the Soviets with arms or words. Ask him instead to which class he belongs, what is his background, his education, his profession. These are the questions that will determine the fate of the accused. That is the meaning and essence of the Red Terror.”

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