Sunday, January 22, 2017

Seema Parihar, Indian Serial Killer Bandit Who Became an Elected Official – 2000

Wikipedia: Seema Parihar is a former bandit and an Indian politician. She is a member of the Samajwadi Party. Parihar claims that her inspiration is Phoolan Devi, who was known as the Bandit Queen, and had also been a bandit before becoming a politician.

~ Biography

Seema Parihar was born in Auraiya in Uttar Pradesh, India in a poor Thakur family. She was kidnapped in 1983, at the age of 13 from her village of Bawine in Uttar Pradesh by dacoits Lala Ram and Kusuma Nian, and became a dacoit herself. In 1986, she married dacoit Nirbhay Singh Gujjar, but later returned to Lala Ram. Parihar became the leader of her gang, and engaged in looting, kidnapping and murder in the regions surrounding Bihand jungle and Chambal River. During her career, she killed 70 people, kidnapped 200 people and looted 30 houses. In June 2000, after 18 years of dacoity, she surrendered to Uttar Pradesh police. She was jailed, facing 29 charges, including 8 counts of murder and half a dozen of kidnapping. In August 2001, she said that she had received offers from political parties.

In the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, 2002, Parihar supported Shiv Sena. In November 2006, she joined the Indian Justice Party, and ran as its candidate for the Mirzapur-Bhadohi Lok Sabha by-election in 2007.

In January 2008, she moved to the Lok Janshakti Party, and in October that year, switched to the Samajwadi Party. As of October 2008, she had been acquitted of 15 of the criminal cases against her, and was on bail for the remaining 14 cases.

In 2011, Parihar was appointed the head of the women’s wing of the National Corruption Eradication Council, an anti-corruption organisation.

~ Popular culture

Seema Parihar played in the film Wounded - The Bandit Queen. This film is the first instance of Hindi cinema where a “bandit queen” played out her own real-life story on screen. Shot on location in the Chambal Valley, the film was released in 2006. The film went on to win the Critics Award at the Leicester Expo Bollywood film festival (United Kingdom) in 2005. In 2010 Seema Parihar also participated in season 4 of the Indian reality TV show Bigg Boss. This show aired on Colors from October 3, 2010 and Parihar was evicted on day 76 (week 11) from the house. Before participating in Bigg Boss, Seema Parihar was in jail and filed a petition in Allahabad High Court seeking permission to appear in the program. Allahabad High Court initially rejected her plea to appear. In June 2015, she appeared in a music concert in Delhi organised by Mox Music Company and Raj Mahajan where she told about her experience how spent 17 years in jungles.





For similar cases, see: Female Serial Killer Bandits

Monday, January 9, 2017

Tammy Eveans Corbett, Ultra-Creepy Serial Killer – Illinois, 1989

Tammy Eveans was always seen by her husband as a devoted mother. Yet he knew she was a  habitual liar and that she had faked a suicide attempt on her honeymoon and after arrest fabricated rape stories, or more properly, a single rape story that she offered in three radically different versions.

“At different times during their marriage, defendant gave three different versions of being raped when she was younger. First, she claimed before they were married, she had been raped by her boyfriend. Later she claimed she had been grabbed as she was getting into her car, dragged to an apartment, and raped by a man who looked vaguely familiar. Later her story was the same as the second version, except this time the rapist was a black man.” [1-4-96; Illinois v. T. Eveans]

It was the supposed emotional trauma from supposed rape that became Tammy’s exculpatory claim she used to explain what she asserted was the accidental death of her 3-year-old son in 1989. Tammy delivered the story to her sister, Mary Corbett (26), telling her “she was napping with her son when she had a nightmare about being raped, thought she was defending herself against the rapist and awoke to find her son dead beside her.” [2-4-93, SLPD]

It was of the third of her children to die in her care, the previous deaths, in 1987 and 1988, were not treated as homicide cases. The first, that of Robert, 56-days-old, was seen as an accident, the baby having died from a skull fracture due to “a fall.” The second, that of Amy, 16-days-old, was attributed to the non-explanation pseudo-diagnosis that was current at the time, SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), meaning in reality, simply this: “nobody has any idea how the baby died.”

It was only after the 1989 death by smothering of 3-year-old Richard Eavens, Jr. and subsequent murder conviction that she admitted to the two earlier killings. Testimony made it clear that her motive was to exact revenge on her husband, a painter, who worked long hours to support his young family. Tammy resented not getting more attention.

Tammy, in explaining the death of her daughter, employed another “dream story” to explain odd circumstances surrounding baby Amy’s death, claiming he had gotten up unusually early because “she was having a dream in which Amy’s name had replaced Robert’s on his tombstone.” [2-2-93, SLPD]

It was during a visit to his wife in the county jail that the father learned that his wife had murdered all three of his children. “Richard Eveans quoted his wife as saying that after she killed Amy, she laughed real loud, like a witch, and she couldn’t understand why.” [2-2-93, SLPD]

Tammy, according to testimony, told Richard “that she knew what she was doing when she killed each child and that she could have stopped herself.” She added the chilling detail that “she had looked into their son’s eyes while she held her hand over his mouth . . . telling him “His eyes were saying, ‘Help me mommy.’” [9-22-90, SLPD]

In 1993 trial testimony one witness, Gina Eveans, disclosed that at the hospital in 1987 about a week before baby Robert died, “she heard Corbett say as she stood over his crib, “Don’t worry, baby, I got even.” [2-3-93, SLPD]

At the same trial for the two newly discovered murders the daughter of Richard Eavans told of a harrowing story of what she had witnessed and heard. The girl, 12 at the time of the trial, said she was afraid to tell anyone because she feared Tammy “would get her.”

The girl told of how when she was “was staying with her father and Corbett on two separate occasions she saw Corbett hold her hand over their mouths of Robert and Amy. Authorities have requested that the girl remain unidentified. Both babies had reacted by kicking and struggling. . . . When Corbett put her had over Robert’s mouth, she said. “This is for you Ricky [Richard Eveans Sr.].” The girl told her father that moments before Tammy smothered the 3-year-old that she said something like “You’re going to die,” or “I hope you die.” [9-22-90, SLPD]

In 1990 Tammy Corbett, in a plea agreement, was sentenced to 20 years in prison without parole for the murder of Richard, Jr., a sentence Richard Eveans found unreasonable in its mildness. “She killed all three my kids,” he explained. Justice was served when in 1993, she was sentenced to life in prison without parole for the murders of Robert and Amy. The verdict was guilty but mentally ill, and it was this mitigating factor that saved her from the death sentence the prosecutor had sought.

[by Robert St. Estephe, Jan. 9, 2017]


[Charles Bosworth, Jr., “Sentence Upsets Father; Long Term Sought In Children’s Deaths,: St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Mo.), Sep. 22, 1990, p. 1]
[Charles Bosworth, Jr., “Mother Slew for Attention, Prosecutor Says,” St. Louis Post Dispatch (Mo.), Feb. 2, 1993, p. 4A]
[Charles Bosworth, Jr., “Corbett’s Stepdaughter Testifies Of Foreshadowing Of 2 Deaths,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Mo.), Feb. 3, 1993, p;. 8A]
[01/04/96; People State Illinois V. Tammy L. Eveans, Appellate Court Of Illinois, Fourth District, January 4, 1996; The People Of  The State Of Illinois, Plaintiff-Appellee, V. Tammy L. Eveans, A/K/A Tammy L. Corbett, Defendant-Appellant.]


FULL TEXT: A 12-year old girl fought back tears Tuesday as she described watching Tammy Corbett hold her hand over the mouths of her two mouths of her two infants in frightening incidents well before the mysterious deaths of of both babies.

The girl, Corbett’s stepdaughter, also told Circuit Judge Joseph P. Koval of Macoupin County that she heard Corbrett say something like “Die, Ricky” or “You’re going to die” in “a mean voice” on the day that she has admitted smothering her other child, Richard Eveans Jr., on his third birthday in July 1989.

Corbett, 27, of Brighton, is being tried before Koval without a jury on two counts of first degree murder in the deaths of her 56-day-old son, Robert Eveans, in September 1987, and her 16-day-old daughter, Amy, in September 1988.

She already is serving 20 years after pleading guilty but mentally ill for smothering Richard Eveans Jr. Corbett agreed that she held her hand over the boy’s mouth until he died.

State’s Attorney Vince Moreth said Monday that Corbett was so addicted to attention that she killed her children to get sympathy.

Moreth and Corbett also was trying to get back at her then-husband, Richard Eveans Sr., for spending too much time on his painting business.

Moreth was expected to rest his case this morning: he said he would seek the death penalty if Corbett is convicted.

Richard Eveans Sr., testified Monday that Corbett admitted to him that she killed all three of her children.

One of Corbett’s attorneys, Michael Burton of St. Louis, said the defense would show that Corbett’s mental condition prevented her from forming the intent to commit murder.

Burton and defense attorney Arthur S. Margulis of Clayton said they had yet to decide whether Corbett would testify.

Richard Eveans’ daughter from a previous marriage testified Tuesday that she was staying with her father and Corbett on two separate occasions she saw Corbett hold her hand over their mouths of Robert and Amy. Authorities have requested that the girl remain unidentified.

Both babies had reacted by kicking and struggling, the girl testified as she wiped away her tears.

When Corbett put her had over Robert’s mouth, she said. “This is for you Ricky [Richard Eveans Sr.],” the girl testified.

The girl did not explain the remark.

The girl testified that she asked Corbett what she was doing to Robert, and she said she was trying to get him to be quiet.

The girl she said she was afraid to tell anyone what happened until Corbett had been arrested. The girl said she hid after she saw what Corbett did to Amy “because I was afraid she was going to get me.”

Under cross-examination by Burton, the girl said she still loved Corbett and had sent letters and cards to her in jail.

Gina Eveans, who is married to Richard Eveans’ brother, testified Tuesday that Corbett had several times that she would get even with Richard Eveans for spending too much time away from home.

Gina Eveans said that she went to the hospital when Robert was admitted, about a week before he died, and heard Corbett say as she stood over his crib, “Don’t worry, baby, I got even.”

[Charles Bosworth, Jr., “Corbett’s Stepdaughter Testifies Of Foreshadowing Of 2 Deaths,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Mo.), Feb. 3, 1993, p;. 8A]


Oct. 2, 1965 – Tammy Corbett born. Grew up in South St. Louis.
1986 – Married Richard Eavens; having met in 1985 through friends.
Jul. 19, 1986 – Richard Eveans Jr., born.
July 31, 1987 –  Robert Eveans born.
Sep. (date?), 1987 – Robert Eveans stops breathing and is sent to hospital.
Sep. 25, 1987 – Robert Eveans (7 weeks old; 56 days), murdered; dies due to a skull fracture resulting in meningitis.
Aug. 16, 1988 – Amy Cecille Eveans, born.
Sep. 1, 1988 – Amy Cecile Eveans (16 days old), was murdered. It was ruled that her death was caused by Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
Jul. 19, 1989 Richard Eveans Jr. 3-year-old son, smothered on his birthday, pronounced dead at St. Anthony’s Hospital in Alton.
Aug. 10, 1989 – Corbett is arrested for the murder of her son Richard Eveans Jr.
Date? 1989/90 – In Jersey County Jail in Jerseyville, Tammy admits to the two previous killings.
Nov. 1989 – “Lynn Chism, an acquaintance of defendant, had a phone conversation with defendant in November 1989, while defendant was being held in jail. Chism told defendant she had "no doubt" defendant had killed Robert and Amy. Defendant started crying and said, "It was my hands. It wasn't me, it was my hands." However, when Chism yelled at defendant, "You killed Robbie," defendant answered, "No, Ricky." Defendant then said she "had nothing to do with killing Amy."” [01/04/96; People State Illinois V. Tammy L. Eveans]
Sep. 24, 1990 – Found guilty; 20-year sentence at the Dwight Correctional Center for murder of Richard Jr. (3).
Sep. 1990 – divorce; Tammy resumes using maiden name, Corbett.
April 1990 – “Richard visited defendant in the county jail. She admitted placing her hand over Robert's mouth and suffocating him, and placing her hand over Amy's mouth and suffocating her. Defendant said she laughed when she did this and could not understand why Richard had not awakened when she was killing Amy.” [01/04/96; People State Illinois V. Tammy L. Eveans]
Summer 1990 – Charles Enneian met defendant while a fellow inmate at the Jersey County jail. In a telephone conversation with her in the summer of 1990, she told him "when Amy and Robbie died, they both kicked their legs real hard like a little baby would kick their legs trying to swim in the water." Defendant also recounted a rape when she was younger by a white man who dragged her from her car to an apartment. [01/04/96; People State Illinois V. Tammy L. Eveans]
Apr.1991 – While in prison Corbett is charged with the murders of her other two children
Feb. 2, 1993 – stepdaughter’s (12; age 9? At time of events) harrowing testimony.
Feb. 5, 1993 – TC was found guilty but mentally ill for murders of Robert and Amy.
Feb. 10, 1993 – TC sentenced to life in prison without parole.
Apr. 19, 1995 – appeal hearing; question of whether admission of husband’s testimony was proper.
Jan. 4, 1996 – Primary murder convictions upheld on appeal.







For more cases of this type, see Serial Baby-Killer Moms.


Saturday, January 7, 2017

Mary E. Hartman, Insane California Serial Killer - 1930

FULL TEXT (Article 1 of 3): Discovery of arsenic in the vital organs of Ruth Hartman, 14-year-old Long Beach girl who died on the 14th inst., supposedly the victim of ptomaine poisoning, led yesterday to the detention of her widowed mother by Long Beach police for questioning. The mother, Mrs. Mary Hartman, was taken in custody following interrogation at the grounds of Detective Sergeants La Baron and Wood.

Search of the Hartman home last night by Detectives Le Baron and Wood led to the finding in the medicine chest of two unlabeled packages which contain a white powder similar in appearance to arsenic. A similar package containing apparently the same sort of powder was found on Mrs. Hartman when she was searched at the police station. The powder in the three packages will be analyzed at once, it was said last night.

Questioning of Mrs. Hartman and her subsequent arrest as a suspect, came as the joint result of a request made by Coroner Nance that an inquiry be conducted into the previous deaths, under more or less mysterious circumstances, of the woman’s husband and son. Coroner Nance asked for the inquiry when he learned from Surgeon Wagner that chemical analysis of the dead girl’s organs had revealed traces of arsenical poisoning.


Accordingly, under direction of the District Attorney’s office, the bodies of O. B. Hartman. 47, the husband, and Henry A. Hartman, 22, his son, will be exhumed today from their graves in Sunnyside Cemetery, Long Beach, where the former has lain more than two years and the latter nearly a year. The vital organs of  are to be turned over to the County Autopsy  Surgeon for chemical analysis aimed at determining whether they also contain any form of metallic poisoning.

Investigation of the girl’s death death and its consequent order for the double exhumation, according to Detective Sergeants Le Baron and Wood, are the result of insistent requests by other members of her family, in which intimate friends joined. Harking back to the deaths of her father and brother, they recalled that each had been marked by unusual circumstances, although neither had resulted in official investigation.


O. B. Hartman died in the family home at 1726 Lime avenue, Long Beach, October 10, 1927. A month before, it was recalled, he had been struck on the head while asleep, the murderous attack occurring a few days after the killing of a neighbor by a pants burglar. His death, coming suddenly and after the wound had healed, was attributed at the time to after-effects of the nocturnal assault.

Early in June, 1929, Henry A. Hartman announced that he was about to marry, and a few days later he was stricken suddenly with what was diagnosed as ptomaine poisoning. He was taken to a Long Beach hospital, where he died on June 9. An official post-mortem was performed by hospital pathologists to satisfy their curiosity, according to the Long Beach police, but it failed to disclose anything of a suspicious nature.

Ruth Hartman’s death on the 14th inst. also at first was attributed to ptomaine poisoning. Last month the girl and her mother were seized with an illness after partaking of hamburger in the Long Beach amusement zone. Mrs. Hartman recovered the following day, but the girl suffered about two weeks before being pronounced out of danger. Then, on the verge of complete recovery, she had a relapse  and died in the hospital.

A post-mortem at the Cleveland mortuary, according to the detectives, revealed indications of poisoning, and at the insistence of friends the vital organs were sent here yesterday for a chemical analysis. When County Autopsy Surgeon Wagner reported his finding of arsenic traces in the tissues, Coroner Nance asked the District Attorney’s office to order the exhumation.


The three dead persons all carried insurance policies, the father’s being for $1000, the son’s for $2700 and the daughter’s for $1000. According to Detectives Le Baron and Wood the policies were payable to Mrs. Hartman. The officers also state investigation to date shows that shortly before his death Henry wished to let his policy lapse but that his mother dissuaded him and paid the premium.

Besides Mrs. Hartman. there are two surviving members of the family, one married daughter, and an unmarried daughter, Nettie, 19, a stenographer employed in a physician’s office. The Hartmans have lived in Long Beach about twenty years, the father having been employed as a carpenter’s helper.

An additional touch of mystery was given the case yesterday when Nettie Hartman told the detectives that recently she has received from an anonymous sender thirty pound boxes of candy and numerous boxes of cut flowers. Each gift was accompanied by a white card, blank except for the presence of a question mark.

[“Mother Held for Quiz in Long Beach Poison Death Investigation – Girl’s Viscera Shoe Arsenic – Bodies of Father and Also Brother to be Exhumed – Police Say Insurance of All Payable to Woman – Mystery Surrounded Sudden Passing of Both Men,” Los Angeles Times (Ca.), Apr. 24, 1930, part II, p. 2]



FULL TEXT (Article 2 of 3): Long Beach, Ca., April 25. – Bodies of the husband and son of Mrs. Mary Hartman, to-day were being examined for traces of poison in connection with an alleged insurance swindle, despite denial of the woman that she had anything to do with their deaths.

Exhumation of the body of O. B. Hartman, 47, who died in 1927, and of his son, Henry Hartman, 22, who died a year ago, was ordered yesterday following the discovery of poison in the vital organs of Ruth Hartman, 22, who died a year ago, was ordered yesterday following the discovery of poison in the vital organs of Ruth Hartman, 14, Mrs. Hartman’s daughter, who died two weeks ago.

Mrs. Hartman, beneficiary of insurance policies held by the three members of her family, is being held pending to-day’s autopsy. Alienists who have observed the woman expressed the belief she was unbalanced mentally.

To all questions she made no reply except: “I love them; how could I have killed them?”

[“Exhume Bodies For Poison In Alleged Swindle – Woman Denies She Killed Three to Collect Life Insurance,” Harrisburg Telegraph (Pa.), Apr. 25, 1930, p. 9]


FULL TEXT (Article 3 of 3): Mrs. Mary Hartman of Long Beach, suspected of the arsenic murder of her husband, son and daughter, will not be tried on the charges, but will be confined to the Patton State Hospital as an insane person. Daniel Beecher, chief of the District Attorney’s trial department, announced yesterday.

Mrs. Hartman was found insane by Superior Judge Gould at a hearing of the insanity Commission: The decision was based on the testimony of Dr. Martin Carter and Dr. S. D. Ingraham, who examined the woman.

According to Dep. Dist.-Atty. Beecher, a chemical examination of the bodies of Olaf Hartman, the woman’s husband, who died October 15, 1927; Henry Hartman, a son, 22 years of age, who died June 12, 1929, and Ruth Hartman, a daughter, who died April 24, last, disclosed the presence of sufficient arsenic in each case to cause death. Chemists also found arsenic in Mrs. Hartman’s hair, Beecher said.

The woman was arrested last April shortly after her daughter’s death, and was held for questioning. Later it was decided to test her sanity.

[“Hartman Charge Dropped – Woman Will be Put in Asylum Instead of Facing Trial on Triple Murder Accusation,” Los Angeles Times (Ca.), Jun. 3, 1930, part II, p. 12]



Oct. 15, 1927 – Olaff B. Hartman (“Cliff” incorrectly) – husband, 47, died.
Jun. 12, 1929 – Henry A. Hartman, 22, son, died.
April 14 , 1930 – Ruth Hartman, 14, daughter, died.


[Source for headline used in image: “Woman Held For Inquiry Into Deaths of Husband, Child,” The Vidette-Messenger (In.), Apr. 24, 1930, p. 1]








[311-1/7/17; 3843-12/31/20]

Sunday, January 1, 2017

Linda Downes, Serial Baby-Killing Mom – England, 1638

Depositions of Linda Downes of Colchester, Essex, accused of a series of three infanticides, were taken on Nov. 12, 1638. Most modern descriptions of the case do not state the woman’s name.


EXCERPT (1 of 3): Colchester was notorious in late-seventeenth and early-eighteenth-century England as the site of a multiple infanticide case: in the late 1630s, one of its inhabitants “buried one child, poisoned another, [and] smothered a third – all of them illegitimate. During a series of depositions following her crimes, she confessed to trying first to abort her children with the help of her lover, who “by phisick [had] often assayed to destroy the same child within her,” but did not succeed.

[Lisa Zunshine, Bastards and Foundlings: Illegitimacy in Eighteenth-century England, 2005, Ohio State UP, p. 51]


EXCERPT (2 of 3): Similarly, Linda Downes at Colchester in Essex had tried ‘savin and physick’, in vain, to end her pregnancy in 1638. [Note 10: Cressy, Birth, Marriage, and Death, p. 49.]

[Caitlin Scott, “Birth Control and Conceptions of Pregnancy in Seventeenth-Century England,” Retrospectives 2, Spring 2013]


EXCERPT (3 of 3): Thus a Colchester woman who was made pregnant in the mid-seventeenth century took 'savin' and other 'phisick', but neither was successful. When she again conceived illegitimately, her lover, an amateur physician, 'by phisick often assayed to destroy the same child within her', but again unsuccessfully. (28: The whole extraordinary set of depositions is contained in a set of examinations taken on 12 November 1638, in the Colchester Examination Book for 1619-45, at County Hall, Colchester. I am grateful to Mr J. A. Sharpe of the University of York for the reference.) [From: Peter Laslett, Karla Oosterveen and Richard M.Smith (eds.), Bastardy and its Comparative  History (Arnold, 1980); p.71: Alan Macfarlane, “Illegitimacy and illegitimates in English history.”]


For more cases of this type, see Serial Baby-Killer Moms.


Alexander & Marjanna Kasprzyckich, Silesian Baby Farmers – 1906

FULL TEXT: Tenants of the Siarkiewiczowej House in Czaszki neighborhood often took note in amazement that a couple living there, Alexander and Marjanna Kasprzyckich, frequently arranged funerals for children. In the space of three years the couple buried five children, two of them secretly. It was later discovered out that the Kasprzyckich took in children to rear. Suspected them of criminal acts, one of the tenants of the house reported what had been observed to government officials, which, on Friday [Sep. 21, 1906] afternoon, resulted in an investigation of the premises by delegated commissioner Klimov, along with Dr. Sikorski and […] Remiszewskim, for report to prosecutors.

At the Kasprzyckich apartment, shared with a certain Stanislaw Marjańskim and Anna Bartosik, was found half dead, extremely emaciated child, which as it turned out two weeks ago Kasprzycka received from Hendli Sznaper, from the Jewish hospital, and that the child was born in hospital a woman named Rivka Heinochowicz of Sieradz. For the room and board and upbringing of the child Heinochowicz gave Kasprzyckich couple 17 rubles. A few minutes following the arrival of the authorities yet another child met its death in their presence.

With the incontrovertible evidence of the dead child, the Kasprzyckichs were arrested.

Stanislaw Marjańskim and Anna Bartosik disclosed that disgusting dealings of the  Kasprzyckich couple had been going on for three years. During these three years, three children were legally buried at the cemetery. One of them, which was stillborn, had lain in the apartment for a few days under a table. One was secretly buried by Anna Bartosik in the cemetery, and one Jewish child named Jojne was taken away in the night. No child in the Kasprzyckich quarters lived longer than two or three months. The Kasprzyckich would give the children watered-down milk, a pint per day, to which was added a decoction of poppy husk (laudanum), to keep them in a sleeping state. Even after the roommate repeatedly pointed to the mishandling of the children to Marjanna still kept Kasprzyckich up her odious practices.

One mother [of a child she paid the couple to look after], a woman named Marjanna Owczarek, learning that her child was sick, received any, but apparently from poisoning and exhaustion on the second day died.

After the revision in the apartment Kasprzyckich found a small bottle "laudanum".

Szpiro, the Overseer at the Jewish hospital, testified that the custodian of the hospital, Hendel Sznaper, paid the Kasprzyckichs to care after a few infants. Sznaper had given 9 [currency units] to the Kasprzyckichs.

[“Kaliska Fabrykantki aniołków,” (“Kaliska Angelmakers.”), Gazetta Kaliska, września (Sep.), 23, 1906; posted on: “Kaliska fabrykantka aniołków, Razem Odkrywamy Naza Historie, Undated (accessed 2017); translation adapted from authotranslate; may contain errors]


Location: Kalisz, Wrocław (Breslau) suburbs, Silesia (Poland)

Wrocław (pronounced Vrots-swaf; commonly known by its German and English name Breslau before 1945) is the largest city and capital of Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland. Wrocław is also the historic capital of Silesia. With a population close to 630,000 and a metropolitan figure well over a million, Wrocław is the fourth largest city in Poland, and is among one of the republic's major manufacturing, banking, industrial, tourist and cultural centers. Thanks to hosting events such as the Euro 2012 Championship and the 2016 European Capital of Culture, Wrocław is gaining a larger European and international profile, drawing in a growing amount of tourists for its historic city center, picturesque bridges and islands, and the city's relaxed liberal culture. The city is also known for its high quality of life.[Wikitravel]



For more cases of “Baby Farmers,” professional child care providers who murdered children see The Forgotten Serial Killers.


Paranka Maksymischin, Condemned Galician Serial Killer Angelmaker - 1890

Name variants: Paranka Maksymischin, Parance Maksymischin, Paranka Maxymisznyu, Marenka Makszymczyn.

EXCERPT: In individual cases angelmakers [fabrykantki aniołków] seized upon the more drastic methods, as in the case of Paranka Maksymischin, a forty-year-old peasant from a village near Janow Wielkopole, who, in May 1890, was brought to trial in Lviv. “According court findings she had for many years made a living an an angelmaker. Some mothers do not have enough money to properly compensate Paranka for her service, so, not wanting to wait until the left suckling completely starve, she shortened the process. In one case the child of a woman named Lei Munz was suffocated by having a rag stuffed with pine needles. The angelmaker then he threw little body into a nearby river.” The jury sentenced Paranka Maksymischin to death by hanging and immediately afterwards was executed.

[“Fabrykantki aniołków. Lwów 1905,” Notka 36,  Kącik koniczyny. Jan. 18, 2015]

EXCERPT: Descriptions of how angelmakers [fabrykantki aniołków] treated the children entrusted to them can be chilling. Martin Pollack, author of the book The Emperor of America: Great Escape from Galicia, cites some very drastic examples. A woman called Parance Maksymischin, forty-years-old, from the village Wielkopole was put on trial in May 1890. She was accused of murdering children and was sentenced and executed. Here’s how it describes the case Pollack: “According to the findings of the office for many years dealt with the fabrication of the angels, thus earning a living. Some mothers do not have enough money to adequately pay her for her service, and Paranka, not wanting to wait until the left suckling completely starve, shortened the process.” The child of a certain Lei Münz was suffocated by shoving a handful of pine needles wrapped in a rag down your throat wrapped in a rag. “Then she threw little body into a nearby river.”

[source: Martin Pollack, Emperor of America. Great escape from Galicia, Wołowiec 2012. cited and quoted in: Aleksandra Zaprutko-Janicka, “Galicyjskie fabrykantki aniołków. Nigdy nie osądzone seryjne morderczynie” (“Galician Angelmakers: The Never-prosecurted Serial Killers”), ciekawoski historyczne, 17 grudnia 2014]


Janowiec Wielkopolski is a town in Poland, with 4,357 inhabitants. It is in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship and in the Żnin County. The town is situated in the historic land of Pałuki and the Gniezno Lake Area on the river Wełna. [Wikipedia]


FULL TEXT (translated from German): From Grodek near Lviv in Galicia: The brutalization of human beings is making progress in the present time, especially in the field of child murder. The number of outlaws of the human society is increasing, with every passing day, the delicate little life being cruelly torn with such cold blood, that the perpetrators might well be sent to the animals in the “school,” so that they may could take a pattern from them. To substantiate what has been said, the event described below will undoubtedly contribute to your knowledge.

In a small river between Stradcz and Malczyce, the body of a male of about one year old, was recently found. Eyewitnesses remembered seeing this boy the day before in the company of a farmer from Wielkopole, named Paranka Maxymisznyn. Immediately the police were informed of this incident, and the brave guards of order and security, with their usual zeal for duty, immediately set to work to investigate the aforementioned farmer’s wife. There was no shortage of reward, for the wanted woman was happily found in Pozycz Janowski at a pleasant wedding party and was arrested.

The unhappy woman, a wealthy farmer’s wife and mother of two children, soon made the confession that her child had been given to her by a certain Laje Münz, a maid from Lemberg, to assassinate her for execution; that four guilders promised and as a down payment 40 kreutzer was provided. On the 9th of this month it so happened that the arrested woman, just before she went to the wedding feast mentioned, strangled the unfortunate boy with a cloth, and threw it into the river where the corpse was found.

Further investigation by the police revealed that this inhumane woman had already committed child murder for a long time in her business, determing that sixteen children she had taken care of had died in her custody. On the night of the 12th, the mother of the murdered boy was also searched and arrested by the tireless police, but she stubbornly denied any complicity in the crime. The criminal investigation that has been initiated will soon show to what extent the responsibility of the maid faith can be attributed.

[“Arrest of an ‘angel-maker’”. News World-Sheet (Vienna, Austria), 20th of February. 1890, p. 6]


FULL TEXT: Aus Grodek bei Lemberg in Galizien wird uns in Ergänzung einerin der täglichen Ausgabe gebraten Nachricht geschrieben: Die Verrohung der Menschen macht in der gegen wärtigen Zeit bedentende Fortschritte, insbesondere auf dem Gebiete des Kindermordes wird bereits “Großes” geleistet. Die Zahl der Auswürflinge der Menschengeselftchaft mehrt sich, mit jedem Tage, den un glücklichen kleinen Wesen wird der zarte Lebensfaden mit solch’ kühlem Blute grausam zerrissen, daß man die Thäterinnen ganz gut zu den Thieren in die “Schule schicken” könnte, damit sie sich an diesen ein Muster nehmen könnten. Zur Erhärtung des Gesagten wird gewiß die im Nachfolgenden geschilderte Begebenheit das Ihrige beitragen.

In einem Flüßchen zwischen Stradcz und Malczyce wurde vor Kurzem der Leichnam eines ungefähr einjährigen Kindes männlichen Geschlecktes gesunden. Augenzeugen erinnerten sich, dieses Knäblein tagsvorher in Begleitung einer Bäuerin aus Wielkopole, Namens Paranka Maxymisznyu, gesehen zu haben. Sofort wurde die Gendarmerie von diesem Vorfalle verständigt und die braven Wächter der Ordnung und Sicher heit machten sich mit gewohntem Pflichteifer unverweilt an die Arbeit, obgenannte Bäuerin auszuforschen. Der Mühe Lohn blieb nicht aus, denn die Gesuchte wurde glücklich in Pozycz Janowski bei einem gemüthlichen Hochzeitsfeste angetroffen und verhaftet.

Die Elende, eine reiche Bäuerin und Mutter von zwei Kindern, legte bald das Geständniß ab, daß ihr obiges Kind von einer gewissen Laje Münz, einer Magdin Lemberg, über geben worden sei, damit sie es ermorde, daß ihr die Münz für die Ausführung dieser That vier Gulden versprochen und als a conto Zahlung 40 Kreuzer bereits einge händigt habe. Am 9. d. M. gab die Verhaftete weiter anhabe sie, als sie sich zu demerwähnten Hochzeitsfeste begab, das bedauernswerthe Knäblein mit einem Tüchel erdrosselt und sodann in das Flüßienhineingeworfen, wo der Leichnam gefunden worden ist.

Durch weitere Nachforschungen der Gendarmerie wurde festgestellt, daß dieses unmenschliche Weib den Kindermord seit langer Zeit bereits geschäftsmäßig betrieb, nachdem schon sechzehn von ihr in Pflegegenommene Kinder bei ihr gestorben sind. In der Nacht zum 12. d. M. wurde auch die Mutter des ermordeten Knäbleins durch die unermüdlich thätige Gendarmerie aus geforscht und verhaftet, stellt jedoch jede Mitschuld an dem Verbrechen hartnäckig in Abrede. Die eingeleitete strafgerichtliche Untersuchung wird bald zeigen, inwieweit der Verantwortung der Magd Glauben beigemessen werden kann.

[“Verhaftung einer “Engelmacherin”. Neuigkeits Welt-Blatt (Vienna, Austria), 20. Februar. 1890, p. 6]


FULL TEXT: Vienna, September 25th. - Before the Supreme Court and Cassation Court under [illegible] of Senate President von Rakwicz, the hearing about the annulment complaint of a woman condemned to death by hanging took place today.

In February of last year, the landowner Marenka Makszymczyn was arrested in the village of Wielkie Pole, near Lemberg, on charges of multiple child murder.

This arrest caused a stir far and wide.

In order to get a profitable sideline, this sentimental woman had taken on illegitimate infants or older children from Lemberg and other cities in return for a one-off severance payment, and in a violent manner got rid of these poor children from the world, which was all the easier because no one cared about these abandoned unhappy beings.

According to his statement, the local grave digger had buried sixteen children who were in foster care with this Crone in a very short period of time, without this, strangely enough, becoming a judicial matter. The investigation would have been in order. In February last year a child's corpse was found washed ashore between Lemberg and Wielkie Pole, the angel-maker was arrested.

However, the full evidence having been presented, only this one murder could be proven to the accused. In this one case she confessed to having put a gag made of pine needles into the child's mouth and then tossing him into the water.

In fact, the gag was still found in the mouth of the corpse, but it could not be ascertained with certainty whether the death was caused by the gag or by drowning.

At the trial before the Lemberg jury, she revoked her first confession and said that the child had been stolen from her by a stranger who had intoxicated her.

The verdict was based on the evidence of the jury on death by hanging.

The representative of the defendant today was official advisor Dr. Max Menger.

He remarked that he could not hide from himself that the present case was a most unpleasant one, but that it was a general principle of his.

The question of guilt addressed to the jury with regard to the passage "whether the defendant acted in such a way that the child died as a result" does not in fact contain all the concrete features of the act.

Now the Supreme Court has repeatedly ruled that this is not a ground for correctness, but it must nonetheless be admitted that questions of such general nature can sometimes become dangerous for the judiciary due to the lack of specialization.

This is also the view of many law teachers. The representative of the General Procuracy, Dr. Knight v. Kleeborn, referred to the previous jurisprudence of the Courthouse and pointed out that it made no difference to the fate of the accused what kind of murder was assumed by the jury.

["A confirmed death sentence." (“Ein bestätigtes Todesurteil.”) Neue Frie Presse Abendblatt (Vienna, Austria), Sep. 25, 1890, p. 3]


FULL TEXT: Wien, 25. September. – Vor den Obersten Gerichts- und Cassationshofe unter [Vtvcsitz] des Senats-Präsidenten v. Rakwicz fand heute die Verhandlung über die Nichtigkeits-Beschwerde einer zumTode durch den Strang verurtheilten Frau statt.

In dem Dorfe Wielkie Pole, nächst Lemberg wurde im Februar vorigen Jahres die dortige Grundbesitzerin Marenka Makszymczyn unter der Anklage des mehr fachen Kindermordes verhaftet.

Diese Verhaftung erregte damals weit und breit großes Aufsehen.

Diese sentmenschte Weib hatte, um sich einen ergiebigen Nebenerwerb zu verschaffen, uneheliche Säuglinge oder auch ältere Kinder aus Lemberg und anderen Städten gegen eine einmalige Abfertigung übernommen und diese armen Kinder aufge waltsame Weise aus der Weltgeschafft, was um so Leichter geschehen konnte, weil sich um diese verlassenen unglücklichen Wesen kein  Mensch kümmerte.

Der Orts-todtengraber hatte nach seiner Angabe in ganz kurzer Zeit sechzehn Kinder, die sich bei dieser Megäre als Pfleglinge befanden, begraben, ohne daß dies merkwürdigerweise zu einer gerichtlichen. Untersuchung Anlaß gegeben hätte Erst als man am10. Februar v. J. zwischen Lemberg und Wielkie Pole eine angeschwemmte Kindesleiche fand, wurde die Engelmacherin verhaftet.

Es konnte jedoch der Angeklagten bis zur vollen Evidenz nur dieser Eine Mord nach gewiesen werden. In diesem Einen Falle gestand sie nämlich, dem Kinde einen aus Kiefernadeln gebildeten Knebel in den Mund gesteckt und es dann in das Wasser geworfen zu haben.

In der That fand man den Knebel noch im Munde der Leiche, doch konnte nicht mit Sicherheit festgestellt werden, ob der Tod durch den Knebel oder erst durch Ertrinken erfolgtwar.

Bei der Verhandlung vor dem Lemberger Schwurgerichte widerrief sie ihr erstes Geständniß und erzählte, daß ihr das Kind von einem Unbekannten, der sie berauscht hatte, geraubt worden sei.

Das Urtheil lautete auf Grund des Wahrspruches der Geschwornen auf Tod durch den Strang.

Als Vertreter der Beschwerdeführerin fungirte heute ex offo der Reichsraths-Abgeordnete Dr. Max Menger.

Er bemerkte, daßer sich nicht verhehlen könne, daß der vorliegende Fall ein höchst unsympathischer sei, doch handle es sich um ein allge meines Princip.

Die an die Jury gerichtete Schuldfrage bezüglich des Passus, “ob die Angeklagte so gehandelt habe, daß dadurch der Tod des Kindes entstanden sei", enthalte thatsächlich nicht alle concreten Merkmale der That.

Nun habe der Oberste Gerichtshof allerdings wiederholt entschieden, daß dies kein Richtigkeitsgrund sei, allein es müsse dennoch zugegeben werden, daß so allgeinein gehaltene Fragen durch den Mangel an Specialisirung für die Rechtsprechung mitunter gefährlich werden können.

Dies sei auch die Ansicht vieler Rechkslehrer. Der Vertreter der General-Procuratur, Dr. Ritter v. Kleeborn, berief sich auf die bisherige Rechtsprechung des Caffationshofes und wies darauf hin, daß es für das Schicksal der Angeklagten gleichgiltig sei, was für eine Art der Ermordung von den Geschwornen angenommen wurde.

[“Ein bestätigtes Todesurteil.” Neue Frie Presse Abendblatt (Vienna, Austria), Sep. 25, 1890, p. 3]


For more cases of “Baby Farmers,” professional child care providers who murdered children see The Forgotten Serial Killers.


More cases: Female Serial Killers Executed