NOTE: There is a great deal of information from German language
sources that is to be added to this post. Most important to note is the error
made by English language sources regarding the name Liga für Menschenrechte: it
is incorrect. That name belonged to an organization -- founded in the same city
in the same year -- for “human rights” (not involved with the conflict
between the sexes, but rather advocating international peace)
rather than “men’s rights” group. The correct
name is Der Bund für Männerrechte, founded in
Vienna in March 1926 by
Sigurd Höberth von Schwarzthal (born 1880,
Odessa; died August 1938) and Leopold Kornblüh. Activities of the founders
extended at least to the year 1935. There was not just one, but several
publications published by the two men following the schism.
The word “Männerrechtler” is
roughly the equivalent of “men’s rights activist,” and has been found in
publications in the late 1800s and the decades preceding the 1926 founding of
Der Bund für Männerrechte.
The world’s first men’s rights organization? Technically
this is not accurate. An organization formed in 1898
in the United States
(Atlanta, Georgia) has been identified. Its inspiration and continued focus was
to resist a proposed “bachelor’s tax." Its ethos, of bachelorhood, closely resembles
today’s “Men Going Their Own Way” movement (MGTOW). Yet Der Bund
deserves credit as the first organization known to be established with a
comprehensive program designed to address the full range of men’s issues. The
founding of Der Bund für Männerrechte is, however, the first men’s rights
organization with a comprehensive mandate, addressing a wide range of men’s
issues rather than having its focus on a single one (such as alimony or a
particular piece of legislation). The ambition and comprehensiveness is
attested to by the fact that Der Bund issued a ten-point “covenant” on
March 2, 1926, stating its aims and covering a
wide range of “men’s issues.”
The organization broke into two factions in January 1927.
The cause was Hoebert’s founding in December 1926
of an additional organization which he
conceived as complementary to the aims of Der Bund. It was called Themisverband
from Greek mythology – Themis is said to have preceded Apollo in giving
oracular responses at Delphi. She was the daughter of Cœlus and Terra, and was
the first to instruct men to ask of the Gods that which was lawful and right,
whence she took the name of Themis, which signifies in Greek, ‘that which is
just and right.’] The aim of this second association was “to fight all
injustice, irrespective of whether it was committed against men or women.” The consequence
of this decision to associate himself with women's issues was the resignation of
in January 1927 formed Justitia Verein für Männer und Familienrecht, which was
restricted to male membership. His view was that the aims of Der Bund and an organization that addressed the concerns of both sexes was irreconcilable. The Bund having collapsed, Höberth regrouped by
forming a new organization, Aequitas Weltbund für Männerrechte, which would be
open to both sexes.
Leopold Kornblüh (48, Jewish bachelor), along with a German
railway official, Karl Knierling (36) and a Federal Railways pensioner, Alfred
Porzer (52, Catholic, divorced) formed the association "Justice Federation
for Family law reform." The group set up "Divorce counseling
center" one in which men every Monday between 8 pm and 10 pm (20:00 and
22:00), which took place at their headquarters at Gumpendorferstraße 6, in
[See Chronology at end of this post]
Wikipedia’s Ministry of Guessing Make a Pronouncement
It is instructive to look at the idiotic dialog among the
home-baked scholars of Wikipedia as they go about guessing, speculating and
wondering about Sigurd Hoeberth’s status as a “real person” before they decide
to delete the Wikipedia entry about him on April 7, 2015. The consensus-driven
geniuses apparently never thought of searching Höberth (the non-anglicized
spelling) which produces the full text to a dissertation describing his life and
activities. Scores of major US newspapers featuring Hoeberth over a period of
five years were deemed by the esteemed Wikipedia scholars as not “reliable
sources.” (In sum: "Brawndo has what plants crave.")
SEE: Wikipedia: Articles for deletion/Sigurd Hoeberth
ALSO: A website called Fandom that decided Hoeberth’s story
was “a hoax”
TEXT (Article 1 of 9): Berlin, May 27—A revolt of the down-trodden male against the
domineering female is, on the way in Vienna where the “Rights for Men”
League has been founded to start the battle.
League, which held its first big mass meeting recently, is composed so
far only of bachelors, divorced husbands, and unmarried fathers. The
still married husbands, the members insist, would like to join, but
their wives won’t let them, which in itself is cited as proof for the
need of such an organisation.
Hoeberth, the president of the League, denied emphatically that the
aggressive males were women haters. All the League wanted, he said, was
that the preferences and privileges which the women now receive from society, from the State, and especially from the courts, should stop.
love and honour the ladies,” Hoeberth said, “but we want to leave to our
descendants once more real mothers and wives, and to prevent their
being killed off by the alleged emancipation of the woman.”
speakers denounced the “degenerate literary cafe clique” for having
placed woman on such a high pedestal “that she has come to consider it
as her right not only to claim but also to abuse her privileges arid her
feminist, hysterical and degenerate cafe scribblers have helped cunning
woman to forge intolerable chains for men,” explained one of the
man is roped before the family coach, and on the driving seat sits the
‘gracious lady,’ and if he doesn’t pull till he drops, she swings the
whip of legal paragraphs over him.”
A large part of the prison inmates, Wollner said, have been put there by the accusations of
their own wives. A good number of the initiates of insane asylums, he
charged, have been put there by their wives because they were in the
reason for all this,” Wollner said, “is that the authorities believe
the women everything and the man nothing, although they should know that
the he is a specific attribute of the feminine sex.”
principal complaint of the league members was against the alimony
claims of divorced wives and the claims of support of unmarried mothers.
secretary of the League, Hofeneder, pictured the claims for alimony and
support as a cruel persecution of the men, inspired not only by greed
but often also by revenge and plain “cussedness.”
Under the present Austrian law, Hofeneder said, the unmarried mother has practically her choice to
whom she wants to pick as the father of her child. And he deplored that
a Vienna court had rejected the blood test for paternity on the ground
that this test was not yet sufficiently developed.
unmarried father is helpless against the cunning and the revenge of the
unmarried mother,” Hofeneder said. “Our antiquated laws speak only of
the duties of the unmarried fathers, not of their rights.
[“Men Form Defence League In Vienna.” The Daily Gleaner (Kingston, Jamaica), Jun. 10, 1926, p. 19; The spelling in the original, "Hoeberth," is erroneous.]
TEXT (Article 2 of 9): Vienna, Feb. 17.—With the slogan "We men must hang
together." The Vienna League for the Rights of Men, organized for
protection against the encroachment of women have discussed the rescue of
Charlie Chaplin at a sympathy meeting.
Knobloch [error in orig./ correct: Kornblueh (Leopold Kornblüh)], a member of
the executive committee of the league, declared:
is another case where a woman's treachery and woman's falsity are trying
to ruin a good man."
characterized the Chaplin-Gray marriage as a "speculation marriage entered
into by American gold diggers."
was resolved to send Chaplin their sympathy.
resolution was also passed against Mussolini’s attempt to suppress bachelors*
which it was charged again violates the rights of men in favor of women.
Club Formed,” Syndicated (Universal Service), San Antonio Light (Tx.), Feb. 17,
1927, p. 4-A]
This refers to what is known as “The Battle for Births.” – The Battle for
Births began in 1927: Mussolini introduced a number of measures to encourage
reproduction, with an objective of increasing the population from 40 million to
60 million by 1950. Loans were offered to married couples, with part of the
loan cancelled for each new child, and any married man who had more than six
children was made exempt from taxation. Mussolini, who had developed a cult of
personality, argued that the Italian people had a duty to their leader (“Il
Duce”) to produce as many children as possible. In correspondence with these
incentives, laws were brought in to penalize any citizens who proved to be less
productive. Bachelors were taxed increasingly, and by the late 1930s, the civil
service began recruiting and promoting only those who were fertile and married.
NOTE: The “men only” offshoot of Bund für Männerrechte
, Vienna, led by Leopold Kornblueh, is discussed here.
FULL TEXT (Article 3 of 9): VIENNA, May 25.—Charlie Chaplin will deliver a lecture on the tyranny of women in America in Vienna this summer.
announcement made by Herr Kornblueh at the recent congress of the
Vienna league of men called “Justitia” was greeted with tremendous
Chaplin is one of our most ardent supporters abroad” Herr Kornblueh
declared, “and since his divorce, he has written to us assuring our
organization of his sympathy and emphasizing the necessity of a world
wide movement for the emancipation of the oppressed husbands.
tyranny of modern women, who demand all rights and refuse all duties,
who are marrying men only to lead a careless, workless and childless
life, or to obtain a divorce and a lifelong alimony, this shameful
tyranny is the underlying cause of all evils.
“Look at the insane asylum Steinhof in Vienna. Fifty percent of the unfortunate inmates were brought to this place because of their marriage.’’
congress passed a resolution demanding the abolishment of alimonies
find other unequal pacts between the two sexes, and protesting against
the favoritism of the authorities in favor of women, especially the
siding of the police with the wives whenever a domestic quarrel
The Justitia is the first organization in the world fighting for the “emancipation of men,” and makes its
appeal to all those “in revolt against the oppression of the female
sex.” Only the freedom of men can prevent the white race from decline
and ruin, declares one of the organizations proclamations.
only trouble is,” confessed Kornblueh, “there are few courageous men.
Husbands are too cowardly, while bachelors are perhaps too willing to
join our organization.”
[“Chaplin, Siding With Fellows, Will Assail Tyranny of Women - American Comedian and Victim of ‘Oppression of Female Sex’ Joins Brothers of ‘Justitia’ in Fight For ‘Emancipation of Men’,” The Charleston Gazette (W. Va.), May 27, 1928, p. 6]
TEXT (Article 4 of 9): Vienna, Austria. – Dr. Sigurd Hoeberth has courage. He has called
a conference of all men of the world for Sept. 25 to discuss ways and
means of obtaining equal rights for men. Dr. Hoeberth is also an
optimist, for he thinks at least 2,000 men will dare to show up at such a
conference, in Hofburg Hall in Emperor Franz Joseph palace. It is large
and beautiful hall, with the distinct; advantage of having many exits.
In case women storm the palace the men would have a chance to away and
a time Dr. Hoeberth disappeared from Mozart strasse. It thought by
those who did not know him he had given up the right for man’s rights,
just the contrary. Undaunted he is waging the battle in the heart of
Vienna's financial district. His new office is on the main floor of one
of Vienna's many defunct banks. Where once the Viennese went long on
their own securities, to their sorrow, and sold French francs short,
also to their sorrow, Dr. Hoeberth is now barricaded, behind a show
window, blazing with his posters. Within his office he is further
protected by a high counter. It is perhaps superfluous to add his office
has an exit on the back street.
show window of the World League for Men's Rights attracts considerable
attention. The posters are gay, and contain a sufficient outline of what
Dr. Hoeberth is boosting. Pretty stenographers, on the way to and from
lunch, occupy the sidewalk next to the window, and picket Dr. Hoeberth's
shop. They open their umbrellas, and hold them at an angle to prevent
the men from reading. Sometimes the police are compelled to keep the
crowd moving. Now and then a man pulls his hat down, and turns up his
collar, before running the gauntlet to get inside and ask for literature
on the subject of men's rights. The market women grunt with disdain
when they pass.
Surprisingly, Dr. Hoeberth is finding a number of Viennese women who agree with him. They
say unscrupulous women have scared men so it is hard for a really
modest and refined woman to catch a husband. "If the present laws are
maintained," they relate, "it will be necessary to use bear traps."
Moved by pity, or some other emotion, even Mrs. Ross, wife of Prof.
Edward Alsworth Ross of the University of Wisconsin, said Dr. Hoeberth
has some good ideas.
Dr. Hoeberth has 10 points which he is demanding for men before he will accept an armistice. They are:
1. Divorced women, able to earn their own living, or those who have an income of their own, are not entitled to alimony,
Alimony claims are valid only for marriages which last three years. The
amount of alimony is to be based on the duration of the marriage.
3. After the termination of a marriage the woman, loses the right to use the name of the husband.
The legal limit in Austria for contesting the legitimate birth of a
child, now three months, is to be abolished. The procedure shall be the
same as in contested paternity.
5. Blood tests and anthropological examination have to be considered as a judicial and legal method for determining paternity.
6. Mothers are to be required to support illegitimate children according to their means.
The father of an illegitimate child shall not only have obligations
towards the child, but also is entitled to rights as to the child.
8. Illegitimate children are required to support aged and invalid parents.
The existence minimum cannot be derogated because of failure to pay
alimony or contribute to support. The law by which a man can be thrown
into prison for failure to pay alimony must be repealed.
10. "Further," says Dr. Hoeberth, "we are fighting all the monstrosities which have come from the emancipation of woman."
league cites the case of Johann Apfelmuss, but of course this is not
the right name of this poor man. Mr. Apfelmuss was in the hospital about
to undergo an operation when his wife asked the judge for a divorce.
The date hearing was set on the very day when Mr. Aphelmuss was to be
operated upon. Mr. Apfelmus asked for a postponement but his request
passed unnoticed. Mrs. Apfelmuss received an uncontested decree. Her
husband became legally culpable.
Contrary to what the doctors predicted, Mr. Apfelmuss recovered, after a long
siege, and two years later got a job at the Vienna average, $30 per
month. Five dollars of this was subtracted at the source for sickness
insurance, pension fund and the usual social undertakings for which the
Viennese worker must contribute whether he wishes or not. For his room
and breakfast Mr. Apfelmuss paid $9. Then as Mr. Apfelmuss did not
contest the divorce the judge ordered him to pay his wife $13 per month.
This left Mr. Apfelmuss with the large sum of almost $4. The funny part
of this story is that the former Mrs. Apfelmuss is a post office girl,
and receives the union wage scale.
Hoeberth knows a number of these stories and when the league meets
Sept. 25 in the Hofburg hall, he will relate all the harrowing details.
That is, he will if the stenographer and market women have not climbed
over the barricade into his office before that time.
R. Drucker, “Equal Rights For Mere Man League’s Aim - World Convention
Plans to Curtail Alleged Women's Advantages Austrian Takes Lead Thinks
2,000 Men Will Show Up to Protest Their Wrongs,” Syracuse Herald (N.Y.),
Jun. 23, 1929, Sec. 3, p. 4]
TEXT (Article 5 of 9): Vienna, Austria. — “Aequitas.” By this slogan a number
of Viennese men hope to start a movement by which man, mere man, can cope with
woman. Of course the battle is lost before started, and these poor misguided
males might better should the white flag, and yield while the yielding is good.
The chances are all against them. A conservative bettor would not even risk
Austrian inflated currency of the period when ten thousand kronen made one
dollar. But their feeble attempts are worth nothing even if the only result
achieved is to dissuade other men from making the same futile endeavors.
Hoeberth, Viennese lawyer had something to do with domestic relations cases in
Austria. The tragedy of wronged husbands and exploited innocent bachelors
worked on his feelings that after due meditation he decided to take action. He
formed the beginnings of the world league for men’s rights the “Aequitas.” In the
otherwise harmonious street named Mozart Gasse he opened an office on the round
floor back of a court.
~ Nothing Feminine Allowed ~
a coldly cynical janitress nothing female was allowed in the office, beyond now
and then a pretty steno. A statute of justice holding sword and scales does not
count, being made of plaster, and not able to talk back. No fire and a
generally absence-of-female look pervaded the room. The curtains hung awry, and
the chairs were all placed wrong enough to delight any care-free bachelor. By
keeping your over coat on, and swinging your hands now and then you could keep
Herr Hoeberth warmed up to his subject. “We demand equal rights,” he said. “The
shameful condition as regards marriage and family rights has in many countries
become a public scandal and disgrace. The cause is to be found in antiquated
laws, and in the way justice administered so as to be downright inimical to
males. For two years our organization has been fighting to change this, and often
we have been slandered. Our intention is not to attack marriage nor to lessen
rights for women. Our aim is to guide the lawmakers so as to place family life
on a sound and just basis. We wish to have laws adjusted to modern
conditions, with equal duties and also equal rights for both sexes.
Laws Out of Date Now ~
hundred years ago, when our present laws were enacted, it will probably be
necessary to protect women, as they were shut out of most economic pursuits,
and had no political rights. In those days the woman remained home until
married. She occupied herself with her parent’s household, and brought with
her, when married, a moral consciousness and a sense of the value of marriage.
The old-fashioned woman rarely demanded divorce. and usually when she did so,
she had good and sufficient reasons. And as she could not very well go into
business she was justified in demanding and receiving alimony.
all this is changed. The “woman of today enjoys all the political and economic
rights of man. Every occupation is open to her. Indeed in many cases she can
advance more rapidly than a man. Under these conditions what does marriage mean
for a woman who has not a moral consciousness? To her marriage is nothing more
than a nose bag. And according to our laws a husband is just an animal required
to keep the nose bag full. And if a man is not ready to go over the top in
order to keep his nose bag full enough to satisfy the speculative ambitions of
his wife, then prison stares him in the face.
Just a Nose Bag Filler~
how do the instruments of justice act? A smirking smile, a well cut dress, a
few crocodile tears, and the nose bag filler is lost. A woman cannot lose in
court. We have collected data showing in detail many cases where justice has been
flouted. Under such conditions it is suicide for a man to marry. And this
explains the falling off in marriage, and the many liaisons. What can one
expect? But even in the liaisons man is the victim. The father of the
illegitimate child is always the one who can fill the nose bag to the fullest,
and satisfy the woman’s ambitions. Our laws require that there be a father. It
is left to the unscrupulous woman to choose one. This practice has ruined the
lives of many innocent men. It is high time we got together and insisted upon
you are.” we said to Herr Hoeberth. but not very enthusiastically. We had a
hunch. Later we went back to the harmonious office in Mozart Gasse. Herr
Hoeberth had moved. “Where?” we asked the cynical janitress.
his mail. Isn’t it forwarded?
doesn’t get any mail.”
we think Herr Hoeberth is still fighting against fate. He received a number of
inquiries, and requests to be admitted to the organization. Also the judges
finally admitted his paternity blood test. It is possible at least, so it is
claimed, to tell who was not the father.
Is Asked By Austrian Male - “Aequitas,” Viennese Society Champions Husbands and
Bachelors,” (from Chicago Daily News), The Charleston Daily Mail (W. Va.), May
3, 1929, p. 17]
CLICK article image to enlarge
FULL TEXT (Article 6 of 9): Vienna, Aug. 14.— Two
leagues are functioning in Vienna today to “obtain equal rights for oppressed
males,” but one of them is not striving so valiantly as it used to. The founder
fell in love and decided to allow women themselves to join.
two organizations are “Aequitas,” the original organization, which has invited “honest” women to participate in its world conference here next month, and
“Justitia,” which is against all women.
Herr Von Hoeberth, a divorced man of Vienna, formed the original league for the
rights of men. He was outspoken in his criticism of laws and usages which gave
men and especially
married or divorced men “the worst of it.” He had little use for women and
feminine prerogatives and did not hesitate to say so. But when he fell in love
everything was changed.
Founder Is Firm ~
Kornblueh one of the founders of the original league, who remained firm in his
anti-woman attitude, declared in an address to his colleagues:
softly, my dear comrades, upon this floor because you are treading on one of my
dreams. Herr Von Hoeberth, our president, who was known as an honorable
divorced man, became entangled in a love affair, is seen in public places with
a young woman, whom foolish youth would call a charming one, and has recently
opened the doors of our league to women. This, I regard, as a desecration of
our sublime ideals.”
was the first serious discord among the fighters for the “emancipation of men.”
It led to the secession of one faction from the original league and the
creation of “Justitia.”
Von Hoeberth remained president of “Aequitas” while Herr Hornblueh was chosen
president of the hundred per centers of “Justitia.”
world conference in Vienna sponsored by “Aequitas” is scheduled to open on
September 25. Its program, as previously outlined by Herr Von Hoeberth calls
for inauguration of an international movement for reform of marriage and
divorce laws, especially laws relating to alimony. It is claimed that
“unprincipled women purposely marry men with the idea of obtaining divorces and
alimony later on.”
is opposed to the present movement to bestow still further political liberties
upon women, who, it is claimed, are “forgetting their natural duties.”
Tyrnauer, “Oppressed Males To Have
Their Inning - Two Leagues Functioning In Vienna To Obtain Equal Rights
For Oppressed Males Allowing Women To Join League Becomes Controversial Point
With Founders,” syndicated (INS), New Castle News, Pa,), Aug. 14, 1929, p. 15]
~ • ~ • ~ Link: A discussion of this organization in relation to activities in the United States
~ • ~ • ~ Link: A woman's view of this organization
~ • ~ • ~ Link: Interest in this organization in France
TEXT (Article 7 of 9): Vienna. – Equitas, the world league for the rights of men, an
organization which had its headquarters here and a membership made up of
Europeans and Americans, has disappeared. Whether it has gone to the
ground before the victorious advance of all conquering woman or merely
as part of the world economic depression is not clear. At all events, it
has given up its offices.
two handsome plateglass windows, which once displayed a patchwork of
such newspaper clippings as “Singer Shoots Her Husband,” “First Feminine
Broker Revealed as Swindler,” “Orgies of 18-Year-Old Girl,” “Husband Poisoners of Nagrev,”
and “Film Star’s Wife Wants Million Alimony,” are now filled with the
exhibits of a shoe store, and a women’s shoe store at that.
year ago Sigurd Hoeberth, president of the world league, sent hundreds
of invitations to college professors, bankers and journalists of the
United States to attend the world congress at which the league’s
objectives were to be discussed. So few recipients took the initiative
seriously, however, that the congress was postponed.
then on the league’s interests and activities steadily declined until
practically the only source of funds was its feminine members. Of these
the league had, according to a statement of the president, 500, and he
admitted in confidence that they were the best contributors, more
especially mothers with marriageable sons.
League for Rights of Men Dies; Women’s Shoe Store in Headquarters,”
syndicated, The Tipton Daily Tribune (In.), Oct. 7, 1930, p. 1]
EXCERPT (Article 8 of 9; from article similar to the
previous one): With the League has gone its weekly journal, “Self-Defense,”
that contained such interesting features as a serial entitles “Satan’s
Daughter,” and a sort of market report on the state of men’s rights in various
parts of the world, but it perished apparently for want of department store
advertising, leaving to women the last word as usual.
[“League for Men’s Rights Abandoned – ‘Equitas’ Had
Headquarters in Vienna – Europeans and Americans Among Members,” The Gazette
(Montreal), Oct. 6, 1930, p. 13]
FULL TEXT (Article 9 of 9): Rarely does a mother consider a
son’s choice of a wife worthy of the distinction conferred upon her.
Equitas, the world league for the rights of men, with
headquarters in Vienna, was made up largely of women members, a majority of
them mothers of marriageable sons. The purpose of Equitas was to defend men
against the encroachment of women, whom it charged with being in league to
pre-empt all world power and dominion.
Equitas’ offices bristled with such potent warnings as
“Singer Shoots Her Husband, “Husband Poisoners of Nagyrev,” “Orgies of an
18-year-Old Girl.” A weekly journal, “Self Defense,” kept members and public
informed on status of men’s rights in various parts of the world. Now Equitas
has folded to make way for a woman’s shoe store in the quarters it occupied.
Mothers find their sons do not share their apprehension
concerning the dangers besetting the path of an eligible young man. Equitas could
furnish its members no recipe for convincing a young man in love that the
object of his affection is a designing creature plotting to reduce him to a
state of dependence or even slavery. Unlikely as it seems, the time may come
when men will be compelled to band together in defense of their rights, as
women were forced to unite in a concerted drive against man domination, and Equitas
may rise again.
[“Mothers’ Club to Save Sons Closes Doors,” syndicated (Newspaper
Alliance), The Milwaukee Journal (Wi.), Oct. 10, 1930, p. 10]
These English language reports were incorrect in assuming that closing of the offices of Aequitas and Justitia meant that the organizations had disbanded. Justitia remained active until 1937. Aequitas remained active until Hoeberth's death in 1938. Soon after the founder died the Nazi Anschluss Commissioner shut down the organization.
NOTE on naming error in English language sources:
English language sources never, insofar as currently available sources reveal, gave the correct name of Der Bund für Männerrechte. By mistake they replaced the correct name with Liga für Menschenrechte
, another, unrelated Viennese organization.
Coincidentally in 1926 another organization with an almost
identical name was founded in Austria, Österreichische
Liga für Menschenrechte. This Austrian organization, founded by Rudolf Goldscheid (1870-1931) was associated
internationale des droits de l'Homme of ligues. Its mission was the
promotion of human rights in general, not on problems of the relations between
the sexes. There is no connection between Goldsheid and Hoeberth’s
organizations despite the similarity of name, location and date of origin.
The “Early Men’s Rights Activism
” post gives links to other articles on 1910s-1930s men’s rights
activism in several countries. ◄•◄
SEE ALSO: Early Men's Rights Activists: 1926-1960
The most complete source on Hoeberth (Sigurd Höberth von Schwarzthal) and his career, an Austrian Master's thesis from University of Vienna, 2009:
DIPLOMARBEIT Titel der Diplomarbeit Wollen Sie ein Mann sein
oder ein Weiberknecht? Zur Männerrechtsbewegung in Wien der Zwischenkriegszeit
Verfasserin Kerstin Christin WRUSSNIG angestrebter akademischer Grad Magistra
der Philosophie (Mag. phil) Wien, 2009 Studienkennzahl lt. Studienblatt:
301/300 Studienrichtung lt. Studienblatt: Betreuerin / Betreuer: Publizistik
und Kommunikationswissenschaft Univ.-Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Duchkowitsch
6.1 DER DEUTSCHE MÄNNERBUND: PSEUDOWISSENSCHAFTLICHE BEGRIFF-
UND THEORIEBILDUNG BEI SCHURTZ UND BLÜHER EXKURS: DER DEUTSCHE BUND ZUR
BEKÄMPFUNG DER FRAUENEMANZIPATION Das Sozialprofil der AntifeminstInnen Das
Wirken der AntifeministInnen III DIE MÄNNERRECHTLER IN ÖSTERREICH
ANTIFEMINISMUS IN ÖSTERREICH AM ZENIT DER MISOGYNIE: OTTO WEININGERS GESCHLECHT
UND CHARAKTER Weiningers pseudowissenschaftliche Thesen und seine Ansicht über
die Emanzipationsbestrebungen DISKURSANALYSE DER MÄNNERRECHTLER -ORGANISATIONEN
WIENS, IHRER PRESSE SOWIE IHRER POLITISCHEN BEDEUTUNG DISKURSANALYSE:
THEORETISCHE GRUNDLAGEN Modell der Diskursanalyse JOSEF ERNST VOLLEKS KAMPF
GEGEN DIE FRAUENRECHTLERINNEN Der Mannesrechtler Erstausgabe Der Mannesrechtler
zweite und letzte Ausgabe Mai SIGURD HÖBERTH VON SCHWARZTHAL UND DER BUND FÜR
MÄNNERRECHTE Rezeption der Männerrechtler und deren Ziele in der Neuen Freien
Presse Rezeption der Männerrechtler und deren Ziele in der Zeitschrift Die Frau
Das Sozialprofil der Männerrechtler Die Spaltung der Männerrechtler DER VEREIN
JUSTITIA UND SEINE ZEITSCHRIFT MÄNNERECHTLER-ZEITUNG SIGURD HÖBERTHS
ZEITSCHRIFTEN NOTWEHR UND MÄNNER-ZEITUNG Die Erstausgabe der Notwehr im März
Die Notwehr, zweite und letzte Ausgabe im September Die Erstausgabe der
Männer-Zeitung, Februar Die Männer-Zeitung, März-April Die Männer-Zeitung, Mai
Die Männer-Zeitung, Juni-Juli Die Männer-Zeitung, Jänner-Februar Die
Männer-Zeitung, letzte Ausgabe im Sommer DAS ENDE DER MÄNNERRECHTLER
BEANTWORTUNG DER FORSCHUNGSFRAGEN
Hoeberth (Höberth) Chronology
1880 – Sigurd Höberth von Schwarzthal (born 1880, Odessa;
died August 1938)
1925 – „Der Mannesrechtler. Die einzige nicht-erotische
anti-feministische Zeitschrift gegen den Zeitschwindel. – Für Denkende.“; Wien,
Mar. 26, 1926 – Der Bund für
Männerrechte, founded in Vienna in March 1926 by
Sigurd Höberth von Schwarzthal (born 1880, Odessa; died
August 1938) and Leopold Kornblüh; issued a ten-point “covenant.”
1926 – „Der Mannesrechtler. Organ für Männerrechte“; Wien,
Sep. 25, 1926 – International conference (never held).
Hofburg Hall, Vienna.
Dec. 1926 – The cause was Hoebert’s founding in December
1926 of Themisverband (a woman’a auxilliary).
Jan. 1927 – The organization broke into two factions in
January 1927. Hoeberth forms Aequitas Weltbund für Männerrechte, which would be
open to both sexes.
Jan. 1927 – Kornblüh forms Justitia Verein für Männer und
1929 – Publication of periodical, „Männerrechtler-Zeitung“,
May 1930 – First issue of periodical, Notwehr (Self Defense) published.
Sep. 1930 – Second and last issue of periodical, Notwehr (Self Defense) published.
1930 – Aequitas storefront office closes.
Feb. 1933 – First issue of periodical Männer-Zeitung, ed. by Hoeberth; 6 issues published (#2, Mar.-Apr.
1933; #3, Mai 1933; #4, Juni-Jul. 1933; #5, Jan.-Feb. 1934; #6, Sommer 1935).
1937 – Justitia remained active until 1937.
1938 – Aequitas remained active until Hoeberth's death in
1938. Soon after the founder died the Nazi Anschluss Commissioner shut down the
Aug. 1938 – Sigurd Hoeberth dies.
Kerstin Christin WRUSSNIG, „Wollen Sie ein Mann sein oder ein
Weiberknecht?“ Zur Männerrechtsbewegung in Wien der Zwischenkriegszeit
The first men’s rights organizations and political parties
in Austria were founded in the 1920s. It was eight decades before similar
organizations were established.
(“Men's Party) was founded February 4, 2008 by Oliver Peter Hoffmann and has
been active in the public since 2009. The first focus of political
work was on “equal rights for fathers.” Panel
discussions, demonstrations and media work were conducted by the men's party on
In the Vienna elections in 2010, the party ran as part of
the Direct Democracy Platform, an electoral alliance of five groups. At
the National Council elections in Austria in 2013, the men's party ran in the
state of Vorarlberg. She received 488 votes,
which corresponded to 0.28% of valid votes in Vorarlberg and 0.01% in Austria.
For the first time in the state election (Vorarlberg,
2014), Männerpartei scored 0.39% of
the vote and no mandate. In the municipal
elections in Vienna in 2015, the party ran in the district of Donaustadt and
reached 0.17% (total: 0.02%). In Vorarlberg the
party took part in the National Council elections in 2017, but missed its entry
into the National Council. [Wikipedia]
2017, Hoffman resigned from Männerpartei and founded Liberale Männer Zur politischen Vertretung von Männerinteressen, an Austrian non-profit
association, promoting an agenda of post-feminism – exposing feminist
ideologies’ failings and its social destructiveness.
For more revelations of this suppressed history, see The Alimony Racket: Checklist of Posts