Wednesday, September 30, 2020

Zhang Suzhen, “Camel Dragon,” Bandit Queen – China, ca. 1930s

During the early years of the Japanese occupation of Manchuria in Northeast China (1920s-1930s), Zhang Suzhen, who would become famous as bandit queen, “Camel Dragon,” a famous Chinese female bandit whose real name was had been living in poverty in the countryside.  She was unusually beautiful and at the age of sixteen she eloped with a man and ran to Changchun. Unexpectedly, this man didn’t want to live with her, but sold her to a brothel.

The bandit leader, Wang Dalong, took a fancy to her and took her to his bandit den. He trained his mistress in the arts of banditry and joined his gang in their robberies, which frequently involved murdering the victims.

Her reputation was that of a “Robin Hood” figure. Because she was born in poverty, she never robbed the poor. She was offended by the Japanese bullying of the common people, and set out to avenge them.  Common people admired her and her fame increased. At the peak of her career as a bandit leader, there were two or three thousand men under her.

In the end, the Japanese put pressure on Zhang Zuolin's Fengtian government and Zhang Suzhen was arrested. Zhang Zuolin, the "Young Marshal," effective ruler of Northeast China, arranged to meet with “Camel Dragon” before her execution.

[Based on sources (English language headings presented as found): “Directly attack the real appearance of modern criminals, picture 3 is a female bandit arrested for killing devils, picture 5 is Liu Heiqi, a giant from seven provinces,” DayDayNews (People’s Republic of China), Jun. 28, 2020; “The legendary female bandit leader of the Northeast. At its peak, there were two or three thousand men under her. After being arrested, Zhang Xueliang wanted to see her,” DayDayNews (People’s Republic of China), Aug. 8, 2020]


Wikipedia: The Fengtian clique (simplified Chinese: 奉系军阀; traditional Chinese: 奉系軍閥; pinyin: Fèngxì Jūnfá) was one of several opposing military factions that constituted the early Republic of China during its Warlord Era. It was named after Fengtian Province (now Liaoning), and operated from a territorial base comprising the three northeastern provinces that made up Manchuria. Warlord Zhang Zuolin, known as the "Old Marshal," led the clique with support from Japan.


Wikipedia: Zhang Xueliang (Chinese: 張學良, 3 June 1901– 15 October 2001), formerly and still occasionally romanized as Chang Hsueh-liang, nicknamed the "Young Marshal" (少帥), known in his later life as Peter H. L. Chang, was the effective ruler of Northeast China and much of northern China after the assassination of his father, Zhang Zuolin (the "Old Marshal"), by the Japanese on 4 June 1928. He was an instigator of the 1936 Xi'an Incident, in which Chiang Kai-shek, the leader of China's ruling party, was arrested in order to force him to enter into a truce with the insurgent Chinese Communist Party and form a united front against Japan, which had occupied Manchuria. As a result, he spent over 50 years under house arrest, first in mainland China and then in Taiwan. He is regarded by the Chinese Communist Party as a patriotic hero for his role in the Xi'an Incident. He was also known for having an affair with Edda Mussolini.




For similar cases, see: Female Serial Killer Bandits


Tuesday, September 29, 2020

Rosalia Zemliachka, Marxist Governmental Official Serial Killer – Russia, 1921

Rosalia Zemliachka, or Rozalia Samuilovna Zalkind (Russian: Залкинд Розалия Самуиловна), (20 March 1876 – 21 January 1947) was nicknamed “Devil” and “Fury of the Communist Terror” for her personal participation in mass murders of prisoners following the Civil War.

She was a Bolshevik revolutionary, Soviet politician and stateswoman. She is best known for her involvement in the organization of the First Russia revolution, and along with Bela Kun, as one of the organizers of the atrocities of the Red Terror in Sevastopol, Crimea in 1920-1921, directed against former soldiers of the defeated White Army.

According to some accounts, Rosalia Zemliachka and Hungarian Communist leader in exile Bela Kun, looted gold reserves in Crimea and built up enormous wealth for themselves. It is said that Kun would rape the female victims of his mass execution campaigns before having them murdered.

Rosalia Zemliachka and Bela Kun organized, according to some counts, the murders of 8,364 people in Sevastopol during the first week of November 1920. All told, 50,000 so-called “enemies of the people” were murdered in the Crimea, according to official sources (12,000 in Simferopol, 9,000 in Sevastopol, 5,000 in Yalta).

“In Sevastopol people were not just shot but hanged, hanged by dozens and even by hundreds,” Nakhimov Prospect [a major street] was lined with the corpses of the hanged … people arrested on the streets and hastily executed without trial.” Terror in the Crimea continued through 1921. [“Chapter 16. During the Civil War,” Adam’s Blog, Oct. 15, 2010; source: Там же, p.113.]

“The Bolshevik policy of terror was more systematic, better organized, and targeted at whole social classes. Moreover, it had been thought out and put into practice before the outbreak of the civil war.” [Nicolas Werth, Karel Bartosek, Jean-Louis Panne, Jean-Louis Margolin, Andrzej Paczkowski, Stephane Courtois, Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression, Harvard University Press, 1999]

Rosalia Zemliachka received the Order of the Red Banner for her service to the Bolshevik cause. She eventually became the party secretary of the Kremlin and, in 1939, vice-chairman of the Council of People’s Commissaries (that is: deputy prime minister).

[This post is based on Wikipedia and other sources]



Latvian Female Bolshevik Executioner – Soviet Russia, 1920

FULL TEXT: Paris, Oct. 12. – A beautiful maniac is chief executioner for the Bolsheviki, according to French prisoners returning here today.

The girl, described as a Lettish [Latvian] beauty with raven tresses and burning black eyes, kills her victims with a revolver, shooting them in the back of the head.

The French prisoners were repatriated after having spent a term in Buirki prison in Moscow. That institution, they said, was filled with 3,000 men from all ranks.

Prisoners, they asserted, were killed without trial.

[“Pretty Girl Is Red Executioner – Repatriated French Prisoners Declare Bolshevik Murderess Is Raving Beauty.” The Topeka State Journal (Ka.), Oct. 12, 1920, p. 1]





Sunday, September 27, 2020

Anna Unger (Boegen), Black Widow Serial Killer – Romania, 1941

FULL TEXT: From Zwickau [Romania] it is reported:  The 72 year old Anna Unger – who was widowed of Mothes, divorced from Schweiger, widowed from Döring, born Boegen, from Zwirtzschen – was sentenced to death by the Zwickau district court for poisoning.

The criminal got rid of her men out of greed through poison.

As early as 1922 she tried to murder a man with whom she had been involved by shooting him from behind with a pistol.

For that she was imprisoned for seven years.

In 1931, after a short marriage, Weber Mothes died, in 1936 the Berginvalid Unger, in 1937 the pensioner Roth, for whom she had run the household for a few months.

The poisoner had already established new connections with other men who were apparently also chosen as victims.

Only then did the crimes come to light.

["A 72 year old poisoner." Sudost German daily newspaper (Temeschburg, (Timișoara, Romania), Oct. 7, 1941, p. 8]


FULL TEXT: Aus Zwickau wird gemeldet Die72 Jahre alte Anna, berw. Unger, verwitwet gewesene Mothes. geschiedene Schweiger, verwitwet gewesme Döring. geb. Boegen aus Zwirtzschen, wurde vom Zwickauer Landgericht wegen Giftmordes zum Tode verurteilt.

Die Verbrecherin hat sich aus Habgier ihrer Männer entledigt, indem sie ihnen Gift beibrachte.

Schon1922 versuchte sie einen Mann, mit dem sie sich eingelassen hatte, zu ermorden, indem sie ihn hinterrücks mit einer Pistole anschoß.

Sie kam damals auf sieben Jahre ins Zuchthaus. 1931 starb nach kurzer Ehe der Weber Mothes, 1936 der Berginvalid Unger, 1937 der Rentner Roth, dem sie einige Monate den Haushalt geführt hatte.

Neue Verbindungen mit weiteren, offenbar ebenfalls als Opfer ausersehenen Männern hatte die Giftmischerin bereits aufgenommen.

Die Verbrechen kamen erst dadurch ans Tageslicht.

[“Eine 73jährige Giftmörderin.” Sudost deutsche Tageszeitung (Temeschburg, (Timișoara, Romania), Oct. 7, 1941, p. 8]




For links to other cases of woman who murdered 2 or more husbands (or paramours), see Black Widow Serial Killers.