The Kristen Gilbert Wikipedia page is re-posted here, followed by a comprehensive case chronology compiled from various sources.
Kristen Heather Gilbert (born Kristen Heather Strickland, November 13, 1967) is a former nurse and an American serial killer who was convicted of four murders and two attempted murders of patients admitted to the Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) in Northampton, Massachusetts. She induced cardiac arrest in patients by injecting their intravenous therapy bags with massive doses of epinephrine, an untraceable heart stimulant. She would then respond to the coded emergency, often resuscitating the patients herself.
Gilbert's known victims are Stanley Jagodowski, Henry Hudon, Kenneth Cutting, and Edward Skwira.
~ Early life and education ~
Gilbert was born on November 13, 1967, in Fall River, Massachusetts, the elder of Richard and Claudia Strickland's two daughters. Richard was an electronics executive, while Claudia was a homemaker and part-time teacher.
As Gilbert entered her teenage years, friends and family noticed that she was habitually lying. She had a history of faking suicide attempts to manipulate people. According to court records, Gilbert has made violent threats against others since she was a teenager.
She graduated from Groton-Dunstable Regional High School in Groton, Massachusetts. In 1986, she enrolled at Bridgewater State College in Bridgewater, Massachusetts. After a fake suicide attempt, Gilbert was ordered psychiatric treatment by Bridgewater State College officials. Because of this, in 1987, she transferred to Mount Wachusett Community College in Gardner, Massachusetts and then to Greenfield Community College in Greenfield, Massachusetts. She graduated from the latter with a nursing diploma, becoming a registered nurse in 1988. Later that year, she married Glenn Gilbert.
~ Career and murders ~
In 1989, she joined the staff of the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Northampton. She was featured in the magazine VA Practitioner in April 1990. Although other nurses noticed a high number of deaths on Gilbert's watch, they passed it off and jokingly called her the "Angel of Death." In 1996, however, three nurses reported their concern about an increase in cardiac arrest deaths and a decrease in the supply of epinephrine, and an investigation ensued. Gilbert telephoned in a bomb threat to attempt to derail the investigation.
Gilbert left the hospital in 1996 amid a hospital investigation into the many suspicious patient deaths that occurred during her shifts. That fall, Gilbert checked herself into psychiatric hospitals seven times, staying between one and 10 days each time. In January 1998, Gilbert stood trial for calling in a bomb threat to the Northampton VAMC to retaliate against coworkers and former boyfriend James Perrault (who also worked at the hospital) for their participation in the investigation. In April 1998, Gilbert was convicted of that crime.
VA hospital staff members speculated that Gilbert may have been responsible for 80 or more deaths and more than 300 medical emergencies. The prosecutor in her case, Assistant U.S. Attorney William M. Welch II, asserted that Gilbert used these emergency situations to gain the attention of then-boyfriend Perrault, a VA police officer—hospital rules required that hospital police be present at any medical emergency. Perrault testified against her, saying that she confessed at least one murder to him by phone while she was hospitalized in a psychiatric ward. Defense attorney David P. Hoose claimed reasonable doubt based on a lack of direct evidence.
William Boutelle, a psychiatrist who served as chief of staff at the Northampton VAMC, has theorized that she created emergency medical crisis situations to display her proficiency as a nurse.
According to court records, Gilbert had made violent threats against others since she was a teenager. At the trial, prosecutors said Gilbert used a large kitchen knife in an assault in Greenfield, Massachusetts in January or February 1988. Prosecutors said she tried twice to murder a person by poison in November 1995. Prosecutors said that Gilbert tried to poison a patient at the VA hospital on Jan. 28, 1996, and that she caused a medical emergency by removing a patient's breathing tube at the VA hospital on Jan. 30, 1994. Prosecutors said that Gilbert abandoned a patient undergoing cardiac arrest on Nov. 9, 1995, and then asked another nurse to accompany her on a check of patients. Prosecutors said she waited until her colleague independently spotted the patient's difficulty before raising an alarm. Gilbert forced an untrained colleague to use cardiac defibrillation paddles on a patient during a medical emergency on Nov. 17, 1995, by refusing to use the equipment herself. Prosecutors said Gilbert threatened the life of at least one person verbally and physically in July 1996. While working as a home health aide before becoming a registered nurse and about eight years before her VAMC crimes, Gilbert purposely scalded a mentally handicapped child with hot bath water.
On March 14, 2001, a federal jury convicted Gilbert on three counts of first-degree murder, one count of second-degree murder and two counts of attempted murder. Though Massachusetts does not have capital punishment, her crimes were committed on federal property and thus subject to the death penalty. Prosecutors, in an attempt to secure a penalty of death, sought to admit evidence of aggravating factors during the penalty phase, including Gilbert's 1998 conviction for the bomb threat; the defense introduced evidence of mitigating factors, including the well-being of Gilbert's two children.
On March 26, 2001, the jury recommended a sentence of life imprisonment. On March 27, the judge formally sentenced Gilbert to four consecutive life terms without the possibility of parole, plus 20 years.
Gilbert was transferred from a prison for women in Framingham, Massachusetts to a special federal prison in Texas, where she has remained ever since. She is serving her sentence at Federal Medical Center, Carswell in Fort Worth, Texas.
In July 2003, Gilbert dropped her federal appeal for a new trial after a then-recent US Supreme Court ruling that would have allowed prosecutors to pursue the death penalty upon retrial.
Gilbert has two sons with Glenn Gilbert. The couple divorced in 1998.
At the time of her arrest, Gilbert lived in Setauket, New York, in Suffolk County.
~ Book ~
Gilbert is the subject of Perfect Poison, a book by M. William Phelps.
Nov. 13, 1967 – born Kristen Heather Strickland. At the time of her arrest, Gilbert lived in Setauket, New York, in Suffolk County.
1980s – threats of violence against others (as “teenager”).
1986 – fake suicide threat.
1987 (circa) – scalding of a mentally retarded boy with hot bath water.
1988 – graduates from the latter with a nursing diploma, becoming a registered nurse.
1988 – marries Glenn Gilbert. Divorced 1995(?).
1988 – apparent assault of her husband, Glenn Gilbert, with a large kitchen knife.
1989 – she joined the staff of the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Northampton.
April 1990 – She was featured in the magazine VA Practitioner.
Late 1990 -- the Gilberts had their first child, a baby boy.
Nov. 13, 1993 – Glenn and Kristen celebrated the birth of their second child, another son.
Dec. 8, 1995 – Henry Hudon, 35, murdered.
Dec. 20, 1995 – Frances Marier, attempted murder.
Jan. 28, 1996 – Gilbert was alone with patient Michele Cascone, who later had four cardiac emergencies and died.
Feb. 2, 1996 – Kenneth Cutting, 41, dies.
Feb. 4, 1996 – Angelo Vella, attempted murder.
Aug. 21/22, 1995 – Stanley Jagodowski, 66, a retired truck driver, dies.
Nov. 17, 1995 – by refusing to use the equipment herself. Prosecutors said Gilbert threatened the life of at least one person verbally and physically in July 1996.
Dec. 8, 1995 – Henry Huron.
Dec. 20, 1995 – Gilbert also is charged with the attempted murder of Francis Marier, a patient who was injected with epinephrine and insulin on Dec. 20, 1995.
asked a supervisor on February 2, 1996, if she could leave work early if a very ill patient were to die.
Jan. 22, 1996 – Callahan?
Feb. 2 1996 – Thomas Callahan, attempted murder, poisoned with epinephrine.
Feb. 15, 1996 – Edward Skwira was admitted to the VA. Murder.
Dec. 18(?), 1996 – Edward Skwira dies.
Jun. 1996 – first federal grand jury began a criminal investigation into the deaths on Ward C.
Jul. 8, 1996 – she was taken by ambulance to Holyoke Hospital after taking an overdose of Fiorinal tablets. She was admitted the next day to the hospital's Center for Psychiatry.
Sep. 26, 1996 – fake bomb threats to VA Hospital. John Perrault took a phone call from someone claiming to have planted three bombs at the hospital. Patients were evacuated and police called, but no explosives were found.
Sep. 27, 1996 – bomb threat on Perrault’s shift.
Sep. 30, 1996– bomb threat on Perrault’s shift.
Oct. 8, 1996 – Gilbert was arrested and charged with threatening to bomb the hospital ward where she once worked.
1996? – In jail awaiting trial, starts writing a Murder mystery novel involving the killing of a security guard. Confiscated after search warrant issued. Hampden County Correctional Center in Ludlow.
Apr. 1998 – sentenced in April 1998 to a 15-month prison sentence for phoning in bomb threats.
May 15, 1999 – federal prosecutors announced they would seek the death penalty for Death Angel, Kristen Gilbert.
Mar. 14, 2001 – federal jury convicts Gilbert on three counts of first-degree murder, one count of second-degree murder and two counts of attempted murder.
Mar. 26, 2001 – the jury recommended a sentence of life imprisonment.
Mar. 27, 2001 – the judge formally sentenced Gilbert to four consecutive life terms without the possibility of parole, plus 20 years.
GOOD SOURCE: Thomas Farragher, Death on Ward C” (2 parts), “Caregiver or killer?,” Oct. 8, 2000; “She liked to play the star,” Oct. 9, 2000, Boston Globe.
For more cases, see Sicko Nurses