These are the ones who got away – they are ignored survivors whose experience does not fit into the orthodox political narrative of the professional gender ideologues. According to “gender theory” women do not murder. That is a male activity. Women, on the other hand, are not responsible agents – they are “driven to kill.”
Yet the objective study of female aggression does not confirm “gender theory.” It tells an altogether story of women who kill because they like to kill.
This collection includes cases of female serial killers in which one or more victims survived a murder attempt. Some victims sustained severe permanent injuries.
(This post is in progress. Details need to be edited and expanded. In the meantime, the abbreviated notations will remain posted, to be revised gradually. A number of cases have yet to be collated and added.)
1809 – Anna Maria Zwanziger – Oberland, Bavaria (Germany).
She would poison her employers with arsenic, and then nurse them back to health to gain their favour. Zwanziger was executed by a sword in Nuremberg on September 17, 1811.
Survivors: August 25, 1809: Justice Gebhard (employer), Mr. Beck (houseguest), Mr Alberti (houseguest) Johnny Krause (porter), Barbara Waldmann (kitchen maid); Sep. 1, 1809: 5 houseguests; Sep. 3, 1809: Barbara Waldmann (2nd attempt; kitchen maid), another maid, Gebhard baby.
1831 – Gesche Gottfried – Bremen, Germany.
“Gesche Gottfried, lost her life in 1831. She was the last person to be publicly executed in Bremen. Germany's "most successful poisoner" was found guilty of 15 murders and a further 15 attempted murders.” [INA8, Bremen, website]
“She [Billing] had made an attempt to poison her husband about the same time, but he did not take a sufficient quantity, and recovered.” The pair committed four murders, failed in another attempt and were panning another homicide when attested. Both were convicted and executed.
1846 – Joseph & Mary Pimlett - Runcorn, England.
The couple murdered two children and attempted to kill a third.
1848 – Rose Theyre – France Saint-Victoir-La-Coste – 7 murders or attempts.
“Boutaud and the servant Maria were always ill after taking anything prepared by the prisoner, whilst similar things prepared by other persons did them good, a medical man analysed what Mme. Boutaud and Maria had thrown up after taking one of the prisoner’s concoctions, and a considerable quantity of arsenic was then discovered.”
1849 – Mary Anne Geering – Lewes, England.
Richard Geering, husband, died; James Geering, son, died; George Geering, son, died; Benjamin Geering, son, survived.
1851 – Nancy Farrer – Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.
Nancy Farrer murdered many adults and children using poison. Elisha and Billy Forest recovered from murder attempts.
1858 – Phebe Westlake – Chester, New York, USA – poison self; 4 & 4 survived.
“After the death of Mrs. Fuller, Phebe remained temporarily at Mr. Charles S. Tuthill’s, where both the brothers perforce brought into the family. Some ten or twelve days ago both the Tuthills and the wife of Mr. Charles S., also a Mrs. Derrick – an Irish woman – with whose husband Phebe had some difficulty about porterage, were taken sick, with symptoms nearly akin to those of Mrs. Pulser, little Martha and Mrs. Fuller. They have all been treated on the hypothesis of poison. The brothers Tuthill are out about their business. Mr. Charles S. Tuthill is doing well, and Mrs. Derrick is still dangerously ill.”
1865 – Marie-Françoise Bougaran – Brest & Lesneven, France – “servant girl,” age 15 at time of apprehension. (3 deaths & 2 attempts)
Marie-Françoise Bougaran, a 15-year-old serial killer, invented one of the most ingenious, and perverse, methods, on record. As a house servant she murdered four children under her care and two victims were saved having been removed from her supervision before it was too late. She would force-feed her victims with feces and then, inserting a knife into their throats and cut open a vein, insuring septic infection. Three victims died. Two were saved by removing them from the murderess.
1871 – Agnes Norman – London, England – age 15 at time of apprehension.
Two or three children, a dog, two cats, six or eight birds, and some gold fish, had all fallen victims to Agnes Norman unnatural propensity for killing before she was discovered and arrested,” at the age of 15. One little boy, aged eleven years, testified that one night he awoke by feeling something hurting him, and upon looking up found this delectable young woman, who lived as a servant in the same house, stooping over him with one hand on his mouth, and the other tightly grasping his throat. [edited from linked source]
1871 – Elizabeth Wharton – Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
“My dear husband and child died. I did not know what was the reason of their death; but after mr child’s funeral only a week, I believe, I was taken suddenly ill, and at one time was thought to be dying. I told the doctor I was poisoned the day I was taken sick, and then I suspected she had poisoned my husband and child. I told my brother and all of my husband’s family also, when it occurred, nearly four years ago, but they thought my mind was affected, and told me not to say so; that she might prosecute me, and I could not prove it; but I have never spoken to her since. I was brought from her house and have never had but one opinion, that she poisoned them and killed them, and I barely escaped with my life.”
1873 – Sarah Earhardt – Germantown, Ohio, USA – 4 vics + 3 atts.
“Recently, at Germantown, Ohio, public attention was attracted to the simultaneous poisoning by arsenic of three members of a family named Hanna, while visiting the house of a kinswoman, one Sarah Earhardt. Fortunately the amount administered to each of the intended victims proved insufficient to cause death.”
1874 – Henrietta Weibel (15) – Fresh Farms, The Bronx, N. Y., USA – 1 murder, 1 other attempt, arson.
“The baby was lying asleep when the girl set fire to the bed clothes. Another servant extinguished the flames, but the little child was nearly suffocated.”
1878 – Sallie Hardman (Gibbs) – Enon, Ohio, USA – 2 husbands, plus 1 attempt on a husband.
Sallie’s third husband realized he was being slowly poisoned. He fled home not even bothering to take his tools. “He first came to Springfield, and there remarked to an undertaker that he was in the business of trying to cheat him [the undertaker] out of a job – he was fleeing from his wife, and never intended to return.”
1883 – Emma Stillwell – Waterford, Ohio, USA.
1883 – Maria Swanenburg – Leiden, Netherlands – suspected of 90; 27 deaths + 55 survived.
“It was established with certainty that Maria Swanenburg poisoned at least 102 people with arsenic of which 27 died (16 of those were her relatives) between 1880 and 1883. The investigation included more than ninety suspicious deaths. Forty-five of the survivors sustained chronic health problems after ingesting the poison. Swanenburg's motive was the money she would receive either through the victims' insurance or their inheritance. She had secured most of the insurance policies herself. Her first victim was her own mother in 1880; shortly after this, she killed her father too. She was caught when trying to poison the Frankhuizen family by contaminating their gortepag (grits) in December 1883. Her trial began on April 23, 1885. Maria Swanenburg was found guilty of murder of her last three victims and sentenced to live in a correctional facility. She died there in 1915.” [Wikipedia]
1886 – Harriet Ann Stevens – Wangaratta, Australia; 2 murders & 1 attempt (husband who separated due to attempts to poison him).
“Her second husband, from whom she is separated, swore some time back in court, when she summoned him for maintenance, that he had to turn her adrift as she was trying to poison him.”
1888 – Sarah Whiteling – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
1890 – Julia Higbee – Meade County, Kentucky, USA – 4 children killed by arsenic; 1 survived.
“The first murder was committed on the evening of October 14, and the others followed at intervals of two weeks. During the illness of each child the mother showed a stolid indifference which her friends and physician construed as grief. Each murder was carefully planned and summarily executed. Though every child was attacked with the same symptoms and died with the same cramps which accompany arsenic poisoning, the suspicion of no one was aroused until after the death of the fourth child, when the mother attempted her own life.The woman is twenty-three years of age, and was the mother of five children, the oldest of which was eight years of age. It was only for the sake of the fifth child, and in order to save its life from the inhuman mother, that the husband told his suspicions and suggested a post mortem examination of the children.”
1893 – Lizzie Halliday – Burlingham, NY – 4 in 1893; att 1895; 1906 murders + 4 survived.
4 survivors of attempted murder: (1) Year? – George Smith, husband #2, attempted murder, poison, survived. (2) Nov. 14, 1893 – Attempted murder by strangling of Mrs. Beecher, sheriff’s wife. (3) Jun. 27, 1894 – Bites Sheriff Harrison Beecher’s hand, through glove, causing serious infection. (4) Aug. 30, 1895: attempt to strangle Catherine “Kate” Ward, attendant at Matteawan State Asylum.
1894 – Mrs. Julian Butler – Hamburg, Michigan, USA.
An inadvertent poisoning by a female serial killer: “The physician tasted the food prepared by Mrs. Butler and was taken violently ill, the symptoms being burning at the stomach and vomiting. Dr. Smith carried with him some of the food prepared, telling the woman she was suspected of having poisoned the man. The food was sent to Ann Arbor, where a chemical analysis showed the presence of strychnine and arsenic.”
1901 – Jane Toppan – Boston, Massachusetts, USA
"Just how many persons, and who they were with whom death, wearing the mask of this gentle and smiling ministrant, survived, these ghastly flirtations will for obvious reasons never be made public. The only one whoso identity is known absolutely is O. M. Brigham, of Lowell, the husband of Miss Toppan’s foster sister. Soon the death of Mrs. Brigham, as a result of poison administered relative, the bereaved husband was stricken by a similar malady."
1903 – Caroline Przygodda (Preschgodav – Presegodav) – Allenstein, East Prussia, Germany – 4 husbands died, 1 survived.
In the village of Bobbau, near the Russian frontier, a woman names Przygodda, keeping an inn there, has been arrested on a charge of murder. Sitting at dinner with her husband, she was observed to put a white powder with his food. This excited the husband’s suspicions, especially as it suddenly occurred to him that he was the woman’s fifth husband, and that his four predecessors had all died suddenly.
1904 – Jeanne Bonnaud – Chatain, Haute Vienne Dept, France – 5 children died; 2 children were rescued.
“Two young children named Habrias were found half dead at the bottom of a well in the village of Chatain, and they were only rescued in the nick of time. They said that they had been pushed in by a woman, and from the description they gave Jeanne Bonnaud [18-years-old] was subsequently arrested. She protested her innocence, and accused the children's step-mother of the deed, but later, after making an ineffectual at tempt to escape, she asked to be allowed to make a confession [to the murders of five children].”
1906 – Mary Maher – Dunkitt, County Kilkenny, Ireland – age 11 when discovered (3 murders, 1 attempted murder; suicide).
While her parents were away, Mary made a determined effort to kill her only surviving sister, Maggie, aged 8. Maggie has narrated her terrifying experience in the following statement:— Mary put John out, locked the front door, tied my hands together with bootlaces, and brought me into the bedroom. She then told me to say my prayers. Mary next put gloves on her hands, and told me to make no noise. She knocked me on my back, got on top of me, put one hand on my mouth and another on my neck, and tried to choke me. I could not roar. I next found myself in bed; one of my teeth knocked out, and others loosened the door open and Mary gone. The bootlaces were off my wrists; I was bleeding from my throat.”
1908 – Jeanne Gilbert – St.-Amand-Montrond, France – convicted Jan. 29, 1909; 4 deaths; attempted murder of 4 others.
“She was brought up at the Assize Court at Bourges on Monday, January 25, charged with having poisoned her father, her mother, her mother-in-law, and a cousin, and with attempting to poison five other relatives.”
1908 – Jeanne Weber – Paris, France – estimated murder by strangling from 8-20 children; acquitted twice; multiple trials; suicide in prison; 2 survivors.
“On April 5, 1905, Weber invited two of her sisters-in-law to dinner, remaining home with 10-year-old nephew Maurice while the other women went out shopping. They returned prematurely, to find Maurice gasping on the bed, his throat mottled with bruises, Jeanne standing over him with a crazed expression on her face.” [Michael Newton -Hunting Humans: An Encyclopedia of Modern Serial Killers]
1909 – Martha Rendell – Perth, Australia – 3 step-children; 2 lived (one was poisoned?)
“[George Morris, 11-years-old] told us that he had run away from home because the woman Martha Rendall had attempted to poison him, and, further, that she had poisoned his two sisters. Olive and Annie, and his brother Arthur with spirits of salts some two years before.” [Note: age of 11 is given in: “Death Of The Morris Children. - The Enquiry. - Evidence By William And George Morris.” Geraldton Express (WA , Australia), Aug. 11, 1909, p. 3]
1911 – Linda Burfield Hazzard – Ollala, Washington, USA.
Dr. Hazzard, who ran a sanitarium, was known as the “Starvation Doctor,” for her radical fasting cure. Hazzard lured the wealthy to her resort and extracted great sums from them. Fifteen victims were starve to death under her “care.”
1911 – Louise Vermilya – Chicago, Illinois, USA
1912 – Olivia Charlotta Larsson – Malmo, Sweden.
After seeking to make arrangements with a curate, Hagbard Isberg, to bury a child named Elisabet. Suspicious about the death the curate arranged to visit the couple. A faint whimper alerted him leading to his discovery of two baby boys behind a locked door of a dustbin. There, in the dark and cold, amongst urine soaked rags and with feces and other filth all around were found two trembling babies. They were near death and were suffering from severe rickets. Each appeared to be only 6 months old but were later discovered to be about 18 months of age.
1912 – Enriqueta Marti – Barcelona, Spain.
“Enriqueta Marti was a kidnapper, child trafficker to sex perverts and a blood-cannibal. There were two survivors: Teresita Guitard Congost and another girl called Angelita; murder was not attempted, yet eventual murder was of the girls probable.”
1912 – Maria Reyes – Mexico City; Mexico.
“Among her murders was one in which she stole a boy sitting on a park bench in the Santa Maria la Ribera marketplace. On another occasion, she child a choked all the while laughing out loud. She once tried to boil a child alive but was interrupted before she had accomplished her deed. Maria Reyes had entered the home of a neighbor family and finding the parents absent, was preparing to toss their child into a large cauldron of boiling water. Police were summoned and arrested her and took the child, but the parents entered the house and threw the boiling water onto the murderess. She was hauled off badly scalded, while a crowd of people threw rocks and spit at the woman.”
1913 – Cynthia Buffom – Little Valley, New York, USA
“The husband, Willis Buffom, a farmer, and the baby boy, aged four, died first. After their deaths the wife and mother was arrested. Then the little girl died. Two older boys also suffered from arsenic poisoning, and one will be a cripple for life as a result of it.”
1913 – Ida Leckwold – Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
Mrs. Ida Leckwold confessed to her husband that she had poisoned four of her six children. Mrs. Leckwold, 32 years old, already had confessed to poisoning her son and husband, who recovered.
1917 – Leopoldine Kasparek – Vienna, Austria – murdered 4 women; 12 additional women survived murder attempts; Marie Wurisch who survived, was “half-strangled.”
“All of [Leopoldine Kaparek’s] victims were wealthy elderly women whose confidence she won in some way. Her method was simple enough. After gaining admittance to the apartments of the old ladies she strangled them into insensibility and then ransacked the houses. Ten of her victims recovered, but three were found dead and one died in a hospital.”
1920 – Frau Buchmann – Geneva/Zurich, Switzerland – 2 husbands & 2 “lovers;” attempted to murder 3rd husband.
“A sensational poison trial at Geneva, after two days’ hearing, closed at Zurich, when a handsome Swiss woman named Buchmann, dressed in the latest fashion and wearing expensive jewels, was sentenced to imprisonment for life for poisoning two husbands with arsenic during the last three years, and also attempting to administer arsenic to a prospective third husband. The latter’s suspicions were aroused, and he informed the police, who exhumed the bodies of the two victims. A medical expert stated that he found enough arsenic in the bodies to kill a dozen men.”
1922 – Tillie Klimek (Gbrurek) (& Nellie Sturmer Koulik) – Chicago, Illinois, USA – 5 + 3c, (4 hbs, 9 others, 6 surv).
“Dragged back to life from the very edge of the grave, Joseph Klimek may prove the nemesis that will send his wife, Tillie to the gallows—and, with her, her cousin, Mrs. Nellie Sturmer Koulik.”
“Mrs. Rose Splitt and Miss Stella Grantkoski, told Assistant State’s Attorney William F. McLaughlin how they became deathly ill after eating candy given them by the women.”
1922 – Nellie Sturmer Koulik – Chicago, Illinois, USA.
John Stermer, 22, Nellie’s son, who became ill in 1918 when his father died, but recovered. He declared he thought his mother had poisoned him.
“The husband is suffering from arsenical poisoning and his wife and mother-in-law, Mrs. Mazorka, the latter a sister of Mrs. Nellier Stermer Koulik, have been arrested. Micke says his mother-in-law recently took out insurance on his life without his knowledge.” “Nick Micke, son-in-law of Mrs. Kuizlowski, sister of Mrs. Koulik, and cousin of Mrs. Klimek, whose; life was insured by Mrs. Kuizlowski. Found wandering about streets . stricken with partial paralysis which, physicians say, was caused by arsenic.”
1923 – Elize Potegian – Fresno, California, USA – 3 deaths; Elize’s mother was probably a serial killer of multiple husbands.
“A stepson, George [Gordon, Goorkan] Potegian, who also became ill after eating the stew, testified against Mrs. Potegian at the trial.”
1924 – Annie Hauptrief – San Marcos, Texas, USA – 6 deaths (4 step-children, 2 husbands); 1 husband survived.
“Sympathy for the seemingly grief-stricken widow governed Hauptrief’s actions. He gave her the solace of a home and the comforts of a cheerful fireside. Hauptrief heard of his wife’s confession to killing her first husband only a few days ago, as his condition had been too serious. ‘Annie’s grief at Court’s burial was natural and unassumed, as far as I could tell,’ Hauptrief said. ‘Clad in black, and with her young eyes red from long weeping, my heart was filled with sympathy for her as she became near-hysterical when they begun throwing dirt into the grave.’ At four other funerals the woman was a living picture of a mother overcome with life’s sorrows.”
1924 – Annora Yeoman – Mt. Gilead, Ohio, USA – 2 husb died; 1 husb survived (married 6 times).
Annora Yeoman was convicted of murdering her sixth husband. One of her previous husbands survived a poisoning. One of more of her earlier husbands may have been murdered by her.
1925 – Anna Cunningham – Crown Point, Indiana, USA
Anna Cunningham murdered her husband, three teenage children, and attempted to murder another, who survived but was partially crippled. In her own words: “Something told me to draw in my head and told me I had to get rid of them. I thought that I was going to die and wanted to take them with me. I only poisoned the ones I loved best and I poisoned the ones I like best in turn because I wanted them with me.” She was intending suicide, she claimed.
Della Sorenson murdered neighbors she was annoyed with. Sometimes she murdered their children to "get even." There were two survivors: baby Lillian Knott, saved by a physician and Bessie Cooper (about 7-y-o).
1925 – Martha Wise – Valley City, Ohio, USA – 3 deaths; + poisoned water, 13 survivors.
1925 – Antoinette Sierri – Nimes, France – nurse; suspected of up to 30 murders.
“One young woman, Mme. Mirman, whom Antoinette had attended, survived her treatment. The accused gave poison to her for an entire year without killing her. She suffered cruelly and will probably continue to do so for the rest of her life. With death-like, face and trembling hands, the unfortunate woman described the details of her treatment by the nurse.
1926 – Elsie Bible Malinsky – Flora, Illinois, USA.
1928 – Nora Edwards – Poplar Bluff, Missouri, USA
John W. Edwards: “Then one day her daughter, Mildred, who is six was playing around the house and found a little box of white powder behind the piano. My 16-year-old daughter, Mary, looked at the box and saw it was labelled poison. Mildred grabbed the box and took it to her mother who placed it under her apron. Later Mary told me about it. My wife said she found the box on the street and meant to show it to me. Then she threw it into the stove. There was a terrible smell when it burned. Some time later Mary found a bottle containing white powder in my wife’s trunk. I took a little out of the bottle back so nobody would notice the difference. I took the sample to a doctor who informed me it was poison.”
1929 – Maria Kardos (Kordas) – Nagyrev, Hungary.
“The trial of forty alleged poisoners of the little Hungarian hamlets of Mahyrev [sic] and Tizakurt reached its highest point of dramatic interest to day when Maria Kardos was accused of the murder of her own son and husband and the attempted murder of the husband of her friend, Juliana Foldvari, and Juliana Foldvari was charged with poisoning her husband, lover and mother.”
1929 – Hattie Stone – Belair, Maryland, USA
Hattie Stone was suspected of six murders. It is thought she planned to murder 9-year-old Morris Gibson, who testified at her trial.
1930 – Kathleen Riefer – Saarbrucken, Rhenish Prussia – age 12 at time of apprehension; 1 murder, several attempts.
1932 – Anna Allas, Mary Chalfa, & Gizella Young – Muhhall, Pa. – 3 chn; insur; others planned; 1 survivor, Stella Chalfa, 22, survived an attack. The motive for the murders was to gain life insurance payment.
“Chief of Police Jesse J. Crawford of Mifflin Township said Mrs. Young confessed that she and Mary Chalfa had planned to kill Stella, Stella’s husband, Joseph, and Mary’s husband, John, for their insurance money.”
“After his recovery [from poisoning], Dragoljub Zivotic returned to his wife’s house. After a short while he felt miserable again. One day, when a soup was put before him that tasted strangely bitter, he accused her openly.” The poison had been sold by Sojka Gjurkic.
1934 – Amelia Rivers Webb Wardrop – Coshocton, Ohio, USA
“Climaxing a sensational, year long, inquiry into the strange deaths of a son and a daughter, a grand jury indicted Mrs. Amelia Rivers Webb Wardrop. It listed three counts, two of first degree murder, and a third, charging the administration of poison with intent to kill to a 21-year-old nephew, Charles Hughes. Crippled from the hips down and hobbling into Prosecutor Russell B. Lyons’ office on crutches, young Hughes a year ago told the story that led to a painstaking investigation, a secret night-time exhumation of the bodies of his cousins, and discovery by a chemist that each contained poison enough to have caused death.”
1935 – Milka Pavlovich – Belovar, Yugoslavia (present-day Croatia) – 16 v (10 surv); sentenced to death.
“It was stated that she had poisoned 16 of her relatives with arsenic, and that six of them had died. The rest, including her husband, recovered after serious illnesses (states the London ‘People’). Her object in poisoning her husband was to be free to marry her lover, and she wanted to kill the others to inherit their possessions.”
1936 – Marie Alexander Becker – Liege, Belgium – 10 wealthy widows (2 husbands, 9 others & 5 survivors).
“After 19 months in prison she was tried and accused of nothing less than the wholesale murder of ten women, one man, and the attempted murder of five other persons.” Five survivors of Marie Becker: 1934 – Hugo Guichner, buyer of Marie's store; May 1935 – Marie Bouille; Jun. 1935 – Marie Flohr; 1936 – Mrs. Dalhem; 1936 – Mrs. Lejeune-Blumein.
1938 – Anna Marie Hahn – Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.
“Anna’s husband came forward to inform police that his wife had stolen the prescriptions from Dr. Vos, forged his signature on them, and then ordered the poisons from local druggists, sending her twelve-year-old son to fetch the prescriptions. Phillip Hahn said that Anna had twice tried to insure his life for $25,000 but that he had refused. He himself had been taken ill after that, with the same symptoms as the old men Anna had cared for; somehow he survived. [Jay Robert Nash, Look for the Woman: A Narrative Encyclopedia…, 1981, p. 179]
1938 – Moulay Hassen – Fez, Morocco – kidnap, torture, enslave; 100+ victims; multiple survivors were near starvation.
“When the mass-murder trial of Moulay Hassen green-eyed ex-glamor girl and night club owner, opened in Fez last month, M. Julin, prosecuting, said: – ‘Of the fourteen girls known to have been inmates of this club in the past year, three have disappeared, four are dead, and seven have been tortured so badly that they will be invalids for life. Once a girl entered this haunt she was never seen again outside.’”
1938 – Martha Marek – Vienna, Austria.
Peter Marek, poisoned, saved by doctors.
1939 – Anna Louise Sullivan – Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA – 2 + 2 attempts; “Soup Killer”; escape.
“A thin, big-eyed little girl celebrated her twelfth birthday Friday at county general hospital with birthday cake, gifts and a party with 12 other little girl patients. Theresa Sullivan, one of the persons poisoned by her stepmother, Mrs. Anna Louise Sullivan, smiled shyly at nurses and visitors. For five months she has lain in the hospital, recovering slowly. Visiting the party in a wheelchair was her father, Michael Sullivan, thin from his six months struggle against arsenic.”
1943 – Helen Moeller – Berlin, Germany – 5 vics (incl 3 hs) & 5 atts.
“Berlin police have arrested Helen Moeller, 37, and charged her with the poison murders of five persons and the poisoning of five others, the Scandinavian telegraph bureau reported today. The victims included three of her five husbands and two of her children. She reportedly told police that the husbands mistreated her and that she feared the children would inherit alcoholism from their fathers. She was accused of twice attempting to murder her sister, the latter’s son and her present husband.”
1946 – Marjorie Coleman – Camperdown, Australia – 3 survived.
“Constable O’Dea said that after he went to live at Mrs. Coleman’s residence in St. Mary Street, Camperdown, she told him about a man named Bob. She said Bob had done her a dirty trick at one time. He died after an illness, and she suspected he took his life by poisoning. Some months later, continued O’Dea, he asked Mrs. Coleman what she thought Bob died from, and she said pneumonia. She said Bob had left a will in her favour, but she had destroyed it. Witness said that Mrs. Coleman, when she asked why he himself did not make a will, said she did not really want it, but Mrs. O’Dea had not treated him so well and was not deserving of it. He first noticed a change in his health on January 31 last, whilst he was residing at Mrs. Coleman’s house, he continued. In the morning, he said, he had a cup of tea with Mrs. Coleman and Miss Bewhey. After taking the tea he ran out and had violent vomiting attacks. He left for Balmain Police Station, but was too ill for duty and went back to bed. Next morning he had another cup of tea, and was sick again soon afterwards. He resumed work a few days later, but after a day became ill again. He was taken to Balmain Hospital, and remained there about five weeks.”
1946 – Lottie Lockman – Dupont, Indiana, USA.
Lottie Lockman was suspected in a total of five deaths, was arrested three times, but never convicted. Jun. 1946 – Mamie (Mayme) McConnell, 55, was poisoned with mercury in June 1946. She survived, yet expired in April 14, 1947.
1946 – Lillie Winter (Winters) (Mary) – Fairfield, Illinois, USA – 4 vics; (gd, gs, b ‘21, s, ‘22) susp of 6, acquitted twice?; 1 surv.
1948 – Irmgard Swinka (aka: Kuschinsky) – Hamm (Berlin), Germany.
“On May 7, 1949, Irmgard Swinka was found guilty of multiple murders and attempted murders and was sentenced to die by hanging. The day before, however, capital punishment had been formally abolished.”
1949 – Clarice Spurlock – Evansville, Indiana; Memphis, Tenn., USA.
Clarice Spurlock was suspected of murdering her parents in two separate poisonings. She was formally charged with arson for setting fire to their garage. She was also suspected of slow-poisoning her husband.
1953 – Caroline Grills – Sydney, Australia.
Deaths: Nov. 1947 – Christina Mickelson (87), step-mother, died; Jan. 1948 – Angelina Thomas (83), a relation of her husband, died; 1948 – John Lundberg, her husband’s brother-in-law died; 1949 – Mary Anne Mickelson (60), sister in law, died; Survivors: 1951 and 1952 – various family members became ill but survived. 1951 – Eveline Lundberg, survived, blinded Apr. 13, 1953 – Christine Downey (47), attempted murder Apr. 13, 1953 – John Downey, attempted murder.
1952 – Roberta Elder – Atlanta, Georgia, USA
1956 – Virginia Jaspers – New Haven, Connecticut, USA – baby sitter, nurse; 3 babies dead; others injured.
“Police said . . . that a 200 pound pediatric nurse had admitted shaking to death three infants because they got on her nerves or refused to take their formulas. “It was all uncontrollable,” Virginia B. Jaspers, 33, told Coroner James J. Corrigan. “I didn’t know why I did it. Children sometimes get on my nerves.” Her lawyer said she would have her examined by a psychiatrist. Miss Jaspers admitted breaking the leg of another infant and inflicting a head injury on a fifth, the coroner said.
1957 – Mary Perkins – Selma, Alabama, USA
Mary Lanier became ill from arsenic, but survived.
1957 – Rhonda Belle Martin – Montgomery, Alabama, USA – 3+3 children; executed 1957; husband crippled surv.
Claude Carroll Martin, 51 (her fourth husband) – survived poisoning (in coffee), left crippled.
1957 – Pilar Prades – Valencia, Spain 1957 – H. B. Zarin – Riga, Latvia.
“Last April, this ‘Soviet Borgia’ decided that A. Klavin, the woman who looked after the committee’s accounts, knew too much, and she struck again. But this time her attempt to poison A. Klavin failed. She was arrested, tried and sentenced to death.”
1960 – Marie Fikackova – Susice, Czechoslovakia
1963 – Ekaterini Dimetrea – Naupilon (Nafplio), Greece – 4 + 1 attempt.
“In addition to the quadruple death sentence, she was given the 15-year sentence for attempting to poison a four-year-old girl.”
1964 – Carmen Gonzalez Valenzuela – San Francisco del Rincón, Mexico
1968 – Mary Flora Bell (age 11) – Scotswood, England – 2 murders; 2 survivors.
May 11, 1968 – boy (a cousin), 3, “found behind some empty sheds near a pub, bleeding from the head. He was found by Norma Bell and Mary Bell. The boy was a cousin of Mary’s. He had ‘fallen’ off a ledge, landing several feet below. Mary would later admit to having pushed him over the edge.” [Shirly Lynn Scott, “Mary Bell: Portrait of a Killer as a Young Girl”]
May 12, 1968 – 3 girls attacked and choked by Mary and Norma, reported to police, who interviewed Mary but took no action. “Three girls who were playing by the Nursery were attacked by Mary, with Norma nearby. One of the girls said that Mary "put her hands around my neck and squeezed hard. . . . The girl [Mary] took her hands off my neck and she did the same to Susan." The police were soon called. Norma stated that "Mary went to the other girl and said, 'What happens if you choke someone, do they die?' Then Mary put both hands round the girl's throat and squeezed. The girl started to go purple. . . . I then ran off and left Mary. I'm not friends with her now.’” [Shirly Lynn Scott, “Mary Bell: Portrait of a Killer as a Young Girl”]
1975 – Mrs. Emily Stone Conyers – Pamplico, South Carolina, USA – (2 husbands; 3 others who survived).
Mrs. Conyers was arrested March 14 after a five-month investigation requiring the exhumation of three bodies from different Florence cemeteries. The probe began when hospital officials in Charleston notified local officials of an apparently unsuccessful poisoning attempt. Bazen told the court Tuesday he became ill about two months after he and his wife moved into Mrs. Conyer's home. However, he conceded he didn't know who poisoned him.
1979 – Audrey Marie Hilley – Anniston, Alabama, USA.
1979 – Bernardina Maria de las Mercedes Bolla Aponte (“Yiya Murano”) – Murano, Argentina; 3 vics, cyanide; 1 att accused (‘08)
1980 – Helen Patricia Moore – (AKA H. Anderson) – Claymore, Australia – age 18 at time of apprehension. – babysitter, 3 chn + chn surv.
Australian Baby-sitter, Helen Patricia Moore, murdered five children aged from one to seven years, and crippled another, Aaron, aged 2, between Mar. 1, 1979 and Mar. 24, 1980. Moore was only 17 when she began her serial killing career. She was convicted and after serving only 13 years of a “life sentence” was released from prison.
1980 – Laverne O’Bryan – Louisville, Kentucky, USA – l-husb, attempt s-in-l.
“She said Mrs. O’Bryan, who pleaded innocent to all charges, tried to kill her sister-in-law on July 4, 1979, when the woman threatened to tell authorities she suspected John O’Bryan, 37, had been poisoned.”
1982 – Genene Ann Jones – Kerrville, Texas, USA
Pediatric nurse Genene Anne Jones is suspected of having murdered up to 46 children. “In 1985, Jones was sentenced to 99 years in prison for killing 15-month-old Chelsea McClellan with succinylcholine. Later that year, she was sentenced to a concurrent term of 60 years in prison for nearly killing Rolando Jones with heparin.” [Wikipedia]
1982 – Judith Neelley – Alabama, USA
"Pauline Rogers, 46, of Jefferson County, is charged with the murder of Morris Lee Adams, who died Feb. 15, 1977, and the attempted murder of Luther Rogers on March 1."
1983 – Judias Buenoano – Orlando, Florida, USA.
“Authorities became suspicious years after Goodyear's death when Buenoano's fiance, a Pensacola car dealer named John Gentry, survived a car bomb explosion in 1982. In the months before the attack, Buenoano began feeding Gentry daily doses of what she said was vitamin C. After the pills made Gentry sick, he had them analyzed and they proved to be a poison called paraformaldehyde.” [Michael Griffin, “Chiles Gives 'Black Widow' A Date With The Executioner,” Orlando Sentinel (Fl.), Dec. 10, 1997]
Buenoano slowly poisoned her son, Michael Buenoano, who became crippled, having to wear braces. In 1980, when he was 19, his mother pushed him off a boat into a lake where he drowned.
1984 – Betty Jo Green – Athens, Georgia, USA.
“A circuit court found the 55-year-old former waitress guilty of two counts of murder on Sept. 30. The charges stemmed from the arsenic poisoning deaths of her husband, Glenn Orman Green, who died in 1978, and her sister-in-law, Grace Blankenship, who died in 1978. She was also found guilty of attempted murder in the poisoning of her fiance, Arthur Self.” Mr. Self became paralyzed from the waist down. She was also suspected of attempting to murder her daughter in 1979.
1984 – Lise Jane Turner – Christchurch, New Zealand – 2 own chn, 1 other child, 3 attempts.
It was the death of an eight-month old boy Lise was babysitting that prompted the police investigation that led to the discovery of the woman’s homicidal career. Following the mysterious deaths of her own two babies, Lise, apparently grief-stricken was able to engage trust and compassion that would have helped her gain access to her later victims and may have allayed suspicions. She repeatedly looked for jobs in childcare, tried to smother two of the babies in her care for “revenge” and killed a 9-month-old child she was babysitting for a neighbor. One of the babies Turner tried to kill was the daughter of one of the wife-swap partners, a woman with whom her husband wanted to run away.
1985 – Betty Lou Beets – Henderson County, Texas, USA.
According to her feminist supporters, all of her marriages were also plagued with sexual abuse and domestic violence. Beets' feminism-inspired claims of domestic violence and sexual abuse occurred well after her conviction and sentence of death. Beets had a criminal history prior to her arrest for murder, including public lewdness, and shooting a former husband in the side of the stomach. Married five times, Beets shot her second husband, Billy York Lane, twice in the back of the head on January 18, 1970, and in 1978, tried to run over her third husband, Ronnie Threlkold, with her car. Both men survived and testified at her trial.
On April 1, 2003 25-year-old Terri Rachals, a nurse at the intensive care surgical unit at Phoebe Putney Hospital, in Albany, Georgia, who was accused of injecting lethal doses of potassium chloride into six patients, was released after serving her 17-year sentence. Prosecutors charged Rachals with six counts of murder, but at her highly publicized 1986 trial she was found guilty but mentally ill of only one count of aggravated assault. “Her first apparent victim had been 68-year-old Milton Lucas, pronounced dead on October 19, 1985. Next up was Minnie Houck, age 58, lost on November 7. Three days later, 36-year-old Joe Irwin joined the list, and Roger Parker, also 36, died on November 15. Andrew Daniels, age 73, lost his struggle for life on November 24, and he was followed two days later by three-year-old Norris Morgan. Survivors included patients Sam Bentley, George Whiting, Frances Freeman, and Jack Stephens, all of whom had suffered one or more unexplained cardiac arrests in ICU.” [Michael Newton - Hunting Humans: An Encyclopedia of Modern Serial Killers]
1986 – Ann Green – New York, New York, USA
“Pediatric nurse Ann Green, who said she killed two of her babies and tried to kill a third because she was depressed after childbirth, was found not guilty of murder and attempted murder September 30, 1988 because of insanity.” [“Nurse Acquitted.” Orlando Sentinel (Fl.), Oct. 1, 1988]
1991 – Beverly Allitt – Grantham, England – 13 vic total (4 dead), (3 att m) (7 injured).
“Beverley Gail Allitt (born 4 October 1968) is an English serial killer who was convicted of murdering four children, attempting to murder three other children, and causing grievous bodily harm to a further six children. The crimes were committed over a period of 59 days between February and April 1991 in the children’s ward at Grantham and Kesteven Hospital, Lincolnshire, where Allitt was employed as a State Enrolled Nurse. She administered large doses of insulin to at least two victims and a large air bubble was found in the body of another, but police were unable to establish how all the attacks were carried out. In May 1993, at Nottingham Crown Court, she received 13 life sentences for the crimes. Mr. Justice Latham, sentencing, told Allitt that she was “a serious danger” to others and was unlikely ever to be considered safe enough to be released. She is detained at Rampton Secure Hospital in Nottinghamshire.” [Wikipedia]
1992 – Celeste Carrington – East Palo Alto, California, USA – 2 dead + 1 survived; robberies; death sentence.
“Sentenced to death on Nov 23, 1994 for the murders of a Hispanic man aged 34 on Jan 26, 1992 in San Carlos and a Hispanic woman aged 36 on Mar 11, 1992 in Palo Alto during burglaries. A third robbery victim, shot by Carrington three times, survived and testified against her. Carrington claimed that her lover forced her to commit the crimes so that she could give him money.” [Murderpedia.com]
1991 – Marianne Noelle (Nölle) – Cologne, Germany – nurse serially poisoned 35, 17 of whom survived.
“Nölle was a nurse and between 1984 and 1992 killed patients in her care using Truxal. Police think she killed a total of 17 and attempted 18 other murders, but she was only convicted of seven. She has never confessed to her crimes.” [Wikipedia]
1996 – Kristen Gilbert – Northampton, Massachusetts, USA
“Kristen Heather Gilbert (born Kristen Heather Strickland, November 13, 1967) is a former nurse and an American serial killer who was convicted for three first-degree murders, one second-degree murder and two attempted murders of patients admitted for care at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) in Northampton, Massachusetts. She induced cardiac arrest in patients by injecting their intravenous therapy bags with massive doses of epinephrine, an untraceable heart stimulant. She would then respond to the coded emergency, often resuscitating the patients herself.” [Wikipedia]
1994 – Dana Sue Gray – Wildomar, California, USA – 3 w + 1 w surv, Calif, BW; Dorinda Hawkins survived.
Dorinda Hawkins told reporters, "A medical doctor I went to said, 'God let you live to identify her.' I'm sure that's why I survived it." [trutv.com; quoted by Murderpedia.com]
1996 – Della Sutorius – Symmes Township, Ohio, USA (2 husbands; 1 surv.; others threatened).
“According to her sister Donna Hall, Sutorius's approach to men had long been colored by monetary gain: ‘She said you find a wealthy man and, when they die, you’d get their money.’”
“Investigation into the background of Della Sutorius showed that the death of Sutorius, her fifth husband, was not the first time Della Sutorius had been associated with violence. Sutorius's third husband alleged that she had repeatedly threatened to kill him during their marriage; after the couple divorced, she was charged with threatening another man, this time a boyfriend, with a gun. One husband had found knives hidden around the house he shared with her and had been surprised when she told him she "could kill you", while her fourth husband told investigators that she was mentally abusive and he feared her to the point of hiding the bullets to his gun to prevent her from being able to use them.” [Wikipedia]
2001 – Dena Thompson – Cullompton, Devon, England – (1 boyfriend missing; 1 husband murdered; 1 husband survived murder attempt).
Richard Thompson: “The first indication I was dealing with a psychopath was when she hit me with a baseball bat. Up to that point I hadn't a clue. I had no idea what I was dealing with.”
2009 – Aino Nykopp-Koski – Helsinki, Finland – conv of 5 + 5 atts; nurse/patients.
“Aino Nykopp-Koski worked in Finland as a nurse and was found guilty of killing five patients and the attempted murder of five more. No motive was established for the murders.” [Wikipedia]
2007 – Stacy Castor – Clay, N.Y., USA – (2 husbands, 1 other (survived) [husb, br, ch?; 2 deaths, 1 survivor, Ashley Wallace]
“In 2009, Stacey Castor (born July 24, 1967) was found guilty of intentionally poisoning her then-husband David Castor with antifreeze in 2005 and attempting to murder her daughter, Ashley Wallace, with crushed pills mixed in with vodka, orange juice, and Sprite in 2007. In addition, she is suspected of having murdered her first husband, Michael Wallace, in 2000; his grave lies next to David Castor’s.” [Wikipedia]
2008 – Helen Golay (& Olga Rutterschmidt) – Santa Monica, California, USA – 3 victims, 2 deaths.
“A third homeless man, Jimmy Covington, 48, testified at trial that he had been approached by Rutterschmidt, who had taken him to Burger King and promised him shelter. He testified that he had moved out after growing suspicious when Golay and Rutterschmidt asked him to sign documents and give his personal details to them. By then, Golay and Rutterschmidt had already filled out one life insurance policy application for him.” [Wikipedia]
2008 – Kimberly Clark Saenz (aka: K. C. Fowler) – Lufkin, Texas, USA – nurse, conv ’12, 5 deaths & 5 injured, dialysis.
On April 28, 2008, dialysis patients Marva Rhone and Carolyn Risinger each survived an attempt to murder them using bleach. Murder victims: Clara Strange, Thelma Metcalf, Garlin Kelley, Cora Bryant, Opal Few.
2010 – Irina Gaidamachuk – Yekaterinburg, Russia – 17 elderly women 61-86; 1 surv.
“Mother of two Irina Gaidamachuk dubbed 'Satan in a Skirt', posed as a social worker to gain entry to the flats of her victims. After securing their trust, the 41-year-old killed them by smashing their skulls with a hammer or an axe. Then she robbed her victims, who were between 61- and 89-years-old, for the small amounts of cash in their purses. Only one pensioner managed to escape, giving police the vital clue that the granny killer was a woman. [Will Stewart, “Russia's worst woman serial killer dubbed 'Satan in a Skirt' after murdering 17 pensioners in eight year reign of terror,” DailyMail (London, England), Jun. 5, 2012] Gaidamachuk was charged with 17 murders although estimates of the total number of murders range from 61 to 86.
2012 – Melissa Friederich (Weeks) – Nova Scotia, Canada (& USA) –1 h conv, 1 susp, 2 atts; con of theft from viv BW
Alex Strategos: “While I was in the hospital one time, I was very weak and she brought two of my neighbours over to get a power of attorney signed, which I did, and that’s how she got all of my money,” he said, adding the amount was $18,000. He said the bank reimbursed him later. [Jane Taber, “How a smitten man came face to face with the ‘Internet Black Widow,’” The Globe and Mail (Canada), Oct. 2, 2012]
Fred Weeks: “She just wanted to know if I was lonesome the same as she was,“ “Yeah, she was very nice to talk to,” said Weeks. “She had a little religion in there, she was talking like she was always religious. That was the first lie.” . . . “Just exactly what she did,” he said, “she was trying to kill me … there’s no doubt in my mind.” “I think she’s a wicked woman … she’s not safe with any man, and she will do it again. That’s my opinion.”
2013 – Joanna Dennehy – Bifield, England – stabbed 5 men on three different days, 2 survived.
Robin Bereza, 63, attacked at Hereford on April 2, 2013; survivor of female serial killer Joanna Dennehy Apr. 2 – Robin Berez, 63, Hereford, survived
EXCERPT: “I felt a blow to my right shoulder. I turned around and saw this lady, she just stared straight through me. I saw the lady with that thing in her hands, I didn’t know what it was. I got worried then, frightened. I said: ‘what are you doing?’ She said ‘I’m hurting you, I’m going to f****** kill you’. I kicked her and made contact. It had no impact on her, she just came straight towards me. “I ran into the road. I put my hand to my jacket and saw all this blood. She tried to come for me again, I kicked her again. She still didn’t react.” [James Edgar, “Dog-walker relives terrifying knife attack at hands of female serial killer Joanna Dennehy,” The Telegraph (London, England), 17 Jan 2014]
John Rogers recalls taking his dog for a walk on April 2 last year. He turned into a footpath at the town’s Golden Post area and had taken only a few steps when he felt a hard punch in his lower back. He said: “When I turned around she had got a knife in her left hand. “When I turned around she started stabbing me in my chest.” Peter Wright QC, prosecuting, said at this point Mr Rogers asked “what the fuck was that for, what’s all this about”. Mr Wright said: “Among the things she said was she made reference to the fact you were bleeding and she had better do some more.” [Natalie Evans, Vicky Smith, “Joanna Dennehy: Live updates as trial hears from one of men serial killer tried to murder,” Mirror (London, England), Jan 17, 2014]
2019 – Jolly Annan Joseph – Koodathayi, Kozhikodfe, Kerala, India
SEE MORE: Female Serial Killer Collections
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